Depression

(redirected from minor depression)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to minor depression: dysthymia, Major depression

Depression

Period when excess aggregate supply overwhelms aggregate demand, resulting in falling prices, unemployment problems, and economic contraction.

Depression

A particularly long and/or deep recession. While there is no technical definition of a depression, conventionally it is defined as a period featuring severe declines in productivity and investment and particularly high unemployment. During the Great Depression, for example, GDP in the United States dropped 12% between 1929 and 1930 and a further 16% the following year. Likewise, unemployment rose to more than 25% nationwide and higher in some places.

Depression.

A depression is a severe and prolonged downturn in the economy. Prices fall, reducing purchasing power. There tends to be high unemployment, lower productivity, shrinking wages, and general economic pessimism.

Since the Great Depression following the stock market crash of 1929, the governments and central banks of industrialized countries have carefully monitored their economies. They adjust their economic policies to try to prevent another financial crisis of this magnitude.

depression

see BUSINESS CYCLE.

depression

a phase of the BUSINESS CYCLE characterized by a severe decline (slump) in the level of economic activity (ACTUAL GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT). Real output and INVESTMENT are at very low levels and there is a high rate of UNEMPLOYMENT. A depression is caused mainly by a fall in AGGREGATE DEMAND and can be reversed provided that the authorities evoke expansionary FISCAL POLICY and MONETARY POLICY. See DEFLATIONARY GAP, DEMAND MANAGEMENT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Characteristic Positive Evaluation(*) Minor depression group (n=59) Age 18-54 26 (67) [greater than or equal to] 55 13 (33) Relationship problem yes 27 (75) no 9 (25) Major depression group (n=49) Age 18-54 28 (78) [greater than or equal to] 55 8 (22) Relationship problem yes 26 (72) no 10 (28) Characteristic Negative Evaluation(*) P[dagger] Minor depression group (n=59) Age .60 18-54 7 (58) [greater than or equal to] 55 5 (42) Relationship problem .07 yes 5 (45) no 6 (54) Major depression group (n=49) Age .15 18-54 3 (50) [greater than or equal to] 55 3 (50) Relationship problem .07 yes 4 (67) no 2 (33)
Differences between the groups were not significant, and the mean scores were in the mildly depressed range, confirming that these subjects had minor depression.
The terminology of so-called "minor depression" generally is shunned, in part because it might wrongly connote low severity and therefore discourage treatment--even though it confers more than a 5-fold increase in risk of MDD.
Depression caseness included major and minor depression disorders and episodes, as well as dysthymia.
The critiqued Rapaport study revealed that SJW was no more effective than placebo (and the antidepressant citalopram) in treating minor depression in a sample of 73 participants.
(4) Beekman et al (5) reported that both major and minor depression were associated with disability.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, there are multiple forms of depression, including major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, minor depression, psychotic depression, postpartum depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
Subthreshold or minor depression has been found to be associated with fewer numbers of depressive symptoms than major depression, but greater levels of functional impairment (Karsten, Hartman, Ormel, Nolen, & Penninx, 2010), and may easily go undetected in men.
The researchers measured depression in three different ways: having a PHQ-9 score of 10 or greater (indicating moderate to major depression); scoring 2-3 points on five of the items (considered major depression), and scoring 2 or more points on three or four of the items (considered minor depression).
In a rare admission from the generally conservative National Institute of Mental Health, their conclusion was, "We find DHEA to be an effective treatment for midlife-onset major and minor depression."
This found that those with major or minor depression had an increased risk of mortality, compared to those with only diabetes; the former group having a death rate of 13.6 percent compared to 8.6 percent for the latter group over the three-year period.
The findings of the analysis revealed that death rates were up to 25 per cent higher for patients who experienced depressive symptoms, and up to 39 per cent higher among patients diagnosed with major or minor depression. The study was recently published in the journal Cancer.The research team considered whether people become depressed because they are sick with cancer, or whether cancer claims lives more often when patients suffer from depression independent of the cancer."That's the million-dollar question," Satin acknowledged, adding, "Even after correcting for that, we still see the positive relationship between depression predicting mortality."Satin remarked that the results prove the link is significant.