hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
He adds that it is based on such visit of various departments that Minister Kruah saw the need to instruct the maintenance department to carry out a massive one week cleaning up campaign to give the ministry a facelift.
The Foreign Ministry does not support the draft agreement.
Others are Nasirudeen Mohammed, Ministry of local government, Dr Zuwaira Ibrahim, Ministry of health, Ibrahim Ayuba Suleiman, Ministry of Water Resources, Professor Haruna Danwanka, Ministry of Education and Musa Kaila Baima, Ministry of Social Minerals while the Deputy Governor, Engineer Nuhu Gidado will oversee the ministry of Works and Transport.
Ministry of Industrialization and Enterprise Development
Sao Sopheap, spokesman for the Ministry of Environment, said it was GDP's right to develop policies, but said government structure is based on 'effectiveness' and 'social interests'.
The same goes for the Ministry of Defence whose budget will reach 2,233 MD against 2,016 MD in 2016.
He has yet to introduce his nominee for the post of Science, Research and Technology Ministry to the legislative body.
A new ministry of water resources has also been established, according to the notification.
The Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs was established in 1974 as an environmental protection council and, in 2003, it was merged with the Ministry of Regional Municipalities, and then was split again in 2007.
The Ministry of Industry and Development will concern itself with large-scale projects such as the construction of bridges, airports, metro lines and megaprojects such as Kanal ystanbul, while regional development agencies will be restructured under the umbrella of the ministry, according to SE[micro]zcE-.
The reports further stated that Sushma Swaraj might be given charge of the Ministry of External Affairs and BJP president Rajnath Singh charge of the Home Ministry.

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