design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, most medical journals introduce their statistical reporting guideline so that researchers give serious considerations to statistical issues not only at the stage of data analysis but also at the stage of methodological design.
For this reason, come to the fore the need to develop a reflection on the methodological design for different input clamping limiting conditions.
For example, the traditional perspective (child as object) is aligned with methodological design that 'reflects a genuine, if often paternalistic, desire to protect children as essentially incompetent or vulnerable beings' (Christensen & Prout, 2002, p.
The strength of the methodological design lies in the prominence given to the examination of statistics on regional, and national demographic, economic and social trends, existing indicators of poverty and well-being of family, youth and elderly.
The study is based on qualitative methodological design supplemented by a quantitative study of long-term kinship foster care in Norway.
Should not our methodological design depend on the topic, on the question of research raised by the researcher and not necessary on way we understand therapy that is a different activity?