design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
These data immediately demonstrate the need to increase the number of studies that adopt an appropriate methodological design that can evaluate the effectiveness of treatments used in speech therapy within the OM field.
Therefore, most medical journals introduce their statistical reporting guideline so that researchers give serious considerations to statistical issues not only at the stage of data analysis but also at the stage of methodological design. In addition, statistical advice offered in the instructions for authors can help editors, peer reviewers, and readers evaluate the risk of bias and statistical validity.
The objective of this study was therefore to assess the methodological design of these protocols (registered records) of acupuncture RCTs.
This volume was written to illustrate an alternative application of the life cycle approach for serving as a methodological design tool for the development of medical products, medical devices, medical system products, and therapy.
The methodological framework responds to the second general objective, we establish the methodological design our investigation, setting out the analysis of the results and interpret the data.
For this reason, come to the fore the need to develop a reflection on the methodological design for different input clamping limiting conditions.
For example, the traditional perspective (child as object) is aligned with methodological design that 'reflects a genuine, if often paternalistic, desire to protect children as essentially incompetent or vulnerable beings' (Christensen & Prout, 2002, p.
With the mice, the study authors use an "impeccable, elegant methodological design" to establish that SSRIs can affect milk production, says Salvatore Gentile, a physician at the Local Health Authority in Salerno, Italy.
The strength of the methodological design lies in the prominence given to the examination of statistics on regional, and national demographic, economic and social trends, existing indicators of poverty and well-being of family, youth and elderly.