method study

method study

an aspect of WORK STUDY which involves the systematic recording and analysis of the way in which a JOB is performed, with a view to developing and applying easier and more efficient methods of performing the task. More effective work methods can help increase PRODUCTIVITY and reduce labour costs.

Method study involves a number of steps:

  1. the selection of the work to be studied, giving priority to permanent jobs with a high labour content where potential cost savings are substantial;
  2. the recording of the existing work method. For DIRECT LABOUR involved in repetitive tasks this can be done by using an ACTIVITY CHART to record all the work tasks performed by a person and/or machine using standard symbols for the activities: operation, transportation, inspection etc. Alternatively, video tape records of the work being performed by direct operatives can be used. For managers, staff and INDIRECT LABOUR involved in a wide range of tasks ACTIVITY SAMPLING can provide information about the relative time spent on each main activity undertaken;
  3. the critical examination of these records to establish the purpose, place and sequence of activities, and the means by which they are performed, in order to facilitate
  4. the development of an improved work method by eliminating unnecessary activities, combining activities, changing their sequence or simplifying them;
  5. the installation of the new method and provision of appropriate training for
  6. the maintenance of the new work practice.

Method study is generally undertaken prior to WORK MEASUREMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
A Public Health Nutritional Assessment of Elderly in Islamabad: A mixed method Study 2013; 3(4): 6-10.
He then applied a case method study approach which defined his goals of mass transporting people, agri, fisheries and other cargo products without resorting to foreign loans and technologies.
In an updated and expanded version of Blummer's 2012 doctoral dissertation at Towson University, she and Kenton, both specialists in education technology, present a mixed method study evaluating the effectiveness of a tutorial designed to enhance participants' metacognitive strategies while seeking information for problem solving.
In this study, an axial coding process served as the first phase of the mixed method study.
The study, entitled "Cultural continuity, traditional Indigenous language, and diabetes in Alberta's First Nations: a mixed method study," was conducted over a two-year period and consisted of two-parts.
The total marks obtained in the test were significantly higher in integrated teaching study group (Group II) than the traditional method study group (Group I).
This mixed method study compares the quality and characteristics of the discourse produced by two groups of second-semester French students totaling 40 students during an Interchange session and during an oral class discussion on the same topic.
Judd; "Income, Work Preferences and Gender Roles among Parents of Infants in Urban China: A Mixed Method Study from Nanjing," by Sung won Kim et al.
It could be adapted in the future to use spray nozzles for surface applications if the researchers wanted to do a placement method study, too.
This letter presents snapshot quantitative findings from a large scale concurrent mixed method study on rural youth substance use in the South East of Ireland.
Types A and D were not included as these do not represent a mixed method study.
Noting that criminology usually focuses on male offenders, she presents findings from a mixed method study of offenders of both sexes and the use of actuarial risk and need assessment instruments in the correctional system.

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