The Tutteshams and William Layston claimed that Alice had built the new tenement using the timbers and tiles from the old ones, adding a claim that she had "suffered the grete messuage or tenement called the cross keis to run greatlye to ruiyn and decay, and divers other lesser tenements, for want of necessarye and sufficient reparacions, to the greate scandale and impechment of the inheritance belonging to this defendant William Layston." (73) Other evidence we will see below supports the claim that the Cross Keys had become run-down and in need of repairs by the late 1580s.
According to the deed of sale, the property stood between a messuage of William Layston (the Cross Keys) on the west, Gracechurch Street to the east, a messuage of John Bendy to the north, and a messuage of Thomas Sherman, citizen and grocer, to the south.
The Court of Husting Roll indicates that by 1568 Powell shared interest in that property with three other men: a deed dated 22 January 10 Elizabeth (i.e., 1568 n.s.) records that the four men were ceding "a messuage
called 'le George,' in par.
The labour of children might not be relied upon if they could purchase or lease a holding without being obliged to wait for the devolution of the parental messuage
. Conversely, children could never be certain of their inheritance when a single parent controlled the timing and direction of the devolution of property.
At Laughton in 1420-1, for example, John Cokkell and his wife surrendered a messuage
and eighteen acres with the intent that eight acres be sold and the money received given to the parish church; the remaining ten acres were to be given back to the Cokkells for life and then sold for the church.
Thomas Monoux died on 4 December 1537, leaving the properties to his eight-year-old son George, and an inquisition post mortem taken on 27 October 1538 enumerated them, including 'the messuage
called the Poppeshed'.