matrix


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Fig. 58 Matrix. The matrix structure.

matrix

an ORGANIZATION structure in which individuals report to managers in more than one DEPARTMENT or function. The simple CHAIN OF COMMAND found in the classic BUREAUCRACY is replaced by (potentially) a multiplicity of reporting relationships. This type of structure may characterize part of the organization – for project team management for instance, where a project manager assumes authority over team members drawn from a number of departments – or it may extend to the entire organization. See Fig. 58.

There is no standard form of matrix. Managers may have equal formal authority over subordinates or alternatively one of these may have primary authority with the others, assuming authority on particular issues, as in the dotted-line relationship (see ORGANIZATION CHART). The benefits of matrix organization are said to be that it facilitates interdepartmental coordination during innovation, and, by weakening departmental boundaries, encourages greater flexibility and creativity. However, many organizations that have assumed this form have found that the absence of clarity in lines of authority and responsibility can lead to inertia and conflict. See FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE, CONCURRENT ENGINEERING.

References in periodicals archive ?
Last April 22, Panelo confirmed the alleged matrix tagging journalists and other groups to an ouster plot against the President.
Asked why he trusted the anonymous source of the matrix, Panelo said no one disputed his statement during the Palace press briefing last week.
Following [5], we introduce the Gamma matrix function for a positive stable matrix M as
Using infinite matrix products [23], the Gamma matrix function can be extended to matrices with only non-negative-integer eigenvalues, i.e., -n [not member of] [sigma](M) for n [member of] N \ {0}.
Construct the matrix [[parallel][r.sub.uv](x)[parallel].sup.2.sub.1] and consider the congruence
This congruence is solvable, since the free term of the matrix polynomial [[parallel][r.sub.uv](x)[parallel].sup.2.sub.1] is a nonsingular matrix.
The matrix A is called nonsingular if it is both column compressed and row compressed, and singular otherwise.
(i) An n x n matrix A is called a symmetric matrix if [A.sup.T] = A.
(i) STP-CS reduces the row and column numbers of the measurement matrix simultaneously to save the storage space.
We note that obtained results are true for the matrix equation AX = B, where A and B are m-by-n matrices over an elementary divisor domain.
In conjunction, the GTT's membrane technology will be on display at the Matrix Service booth (Booth No 519) at the HHP Summit in Chicago on 11, 12, 13 October 2016.
The applications of linear matrix equations have motivated both mathematicians and engineers to construct methods catering to solve linear matrix equations [1,4,6,7,8,9,19,23,25].