Marker

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Marker

A slang term for documentation indicating that a debt is owed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 2 shows the twelve marker genes and three reference genes that were selected from the whole genome array studies where undifferentiated Caco-2 cells were exposed to OA, DTX-1, and AZA-1 (Bodero et al., 2018b) and to YTX and PTX-2 (unpublished data).
According to our definition, a sample was CTC+ if at least 1 of the 4 marker genes (EPCAM, ERBB2, MUC1, or KRT19) was expressed.
It provides groups of marker genes characteristic for each profile based on the functional enrichment analysis.
Unsurprisingly, high-throughput rRNA marker gene surveys were a common approach for describing microbial communities as the oil spill progressed, identifying Colwellia and Oceanospirillales taxa as hydrocarbon-degrading bacterial taxa that became enriched in the deepwater "oil plume" (Hazen et al., 2010; Baelum et al., 2012).
Thus selectable marker genes have always been of pivotal importance for the development of plant transformation system as they are core agents in transgene selection (Miki and McHugh, 2004).
Advances in the selection of transgenic plants using non-antibiotic marker genes. Physiologica Plantarum 111: 269-272.
In order to confirm the induction effect of neoeriocitrin and naringin on osteogenic differentiation, real-time PCR were per- formed to examine the expression of three marker genes, Runx2, COLI and OCN.
Whilst there are other antibiotic free plasmid maintenance systems available, oriSELECT requires no selectable marker genes on the plasmid, thereby allowing smaller plasmids to be produced (known to improve transfection and DNA immunisation), and reducing the metabolic burden associated with selectable marker gene expression.
The concerns of the EU's Environment Commissioner Stavros Dimas as to whether the Amflora potato is innocuous to human health or to the environment are thus shared by two scientists from the EFSA, states a presentation transmitted by the Agency to the European Commission on ' the risks of resistance associated with the use of antibiotics as marker genes in GMOs'.
Other papers survey genetically modified ornamental plants, techniques for removing marker genes from transgenic plants, progress in lignin biosynthesis, and the biosynthesis and remodulation of cell wall polysaccharides.