Maquiladora


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Related to Maquiladora: NAFTA

Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
In answer to the question, academics at CLACSO, a prestigious, non-nongovernmental entity, say, "Use of the maquiladora system results in a kind of Brazilian economic annexation via the extraction of the Paraguayan labor force to produce and export inputs for [Brazil's] monopolies." The "bourgeoisie" in both countries "complement each other," the researchers add, "in so far as earnings for the Paraguayan bourgeoisie are associated in a dependent way on the earnings of the Brazilian bourgeoisie."
Under the guise of "training," the legislation allows maquiladora owners to hire workers on short contracts and pay them just 60% of the minimum monthly salary.
Lawrence, Douglas y Taylor Hansen, "Los origenes de la industria maquiladora en Mexico" en Comercio Exterior, Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior, vol.
This opening image provides the reader with an immediate awareness of the woman's despair; recently widowed, her husband has died of a cancer that originated from the dreadful working conditions in the maquiladora. This hazardous health environment was already accounted for in the decade of the 1990s, when "noncommunicable diseases are also a growing concern among border populations.
The foregoing was the basis for the construction of instruments that were validated through a multidisciplinary review, as is the case of the specialists in the fields of economics, management and engineering, and specialized interviews that provided information on factors and actions that are related to the competitiveness of the maquiladora industry of the electronics sector, thus creating a methodology with the triple helix approach of Etzkowitz and Leydesforff (2000), but with an evolution toward a methodology adapted to contemporary reality called Fifth Systemic Helix (FSH).
Genero y trabajo en las maquiladoras de Mexico: Nuevos actores en nuevos contextos.
No es de extranar que la mayoria de estos estados se localicen en la frontera norte, puesto que son los que concentran la mayor cantidad de establecimientos de la industria maquiladora.
El estado del arte de la investigacion parte de la revision de las investigaciones de la industria maquiladora en la frontera norte de Mexico.
Asi, el abordaje metodologico de la investigacion se hizo a traves de un estudio de caso en una planta maquiladora tipica, el cual concluyo con un modelo conceptual que abarcaba las variables empiricas de la gestion medioambiental, los costos inherentes y sus relaciones.
A study of the lack of backward linkages between the maquiladora industry and local suppliers in Northern Mexico (Brannon James and Lucker, 1993:933-1945) offers three main reasons for the low demand of Mexican inputs: First, the price is too high; second, the quality of the product is inadequate; and third, delivery from Mexican suppliers is unpredictable.
The growth accounting decomposition in Table 3 shows the remarkable and growing contribution of maquiladora activity to Mexico's total manufacturing growth in the period.
Work in electronics anywhere in Baja California was closed to him, so in 2007, he found a job at Unisolar Ovonic, an American maquiladora that assembles solar panels.