Maquiladora

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Maquiladora

A factory in Mexico established by a U.S. company to make finished products and ship them to the United States. Maquiladoras are close to the U.S. border with Mexico. They are controversial in the United States because they are thought to take away jobs from Americans who otherwise would have manufactured the products. They are also controversial in Mexico because they are thought to exploit Mexican workers. NAFTA made maquiladoras more cost effective. In the mid-2000s, maquiladoras accounted for more than half of U.S.-Mexican trade. A maquiladora is also called a maquila.
References in periodicals archive ?
O arrolamento economico entre o Mexico e Estados Unidos e muito semelhante ao desempenhado pelo Brasil com o Paraguai, destarte na proxima secao sera apresentado o regime da maquila, o contexto em que surgiu e uma tangencial das problematicas que poderao ser enfrentadas pelo Paraguai, ja que o processo nesse pais e mais recente.
According to the CNZFE, the maquila sector is one of the greatest sources of export revenues for the Dominican Republic.
Just between January 2016 and October 2016, 20 new maquila firms were authorized by the government.
In particular, Hennessey brings an historical materialist and feminist reading of sexuality, nonconforming sexual identity and gender in the affect culture of organizing in the maquilas. In an introductory account mapping some of her own affective encounters, she locates her role in this project as one of bearing witness and identifies her responsibility to learn how to navigate the affective terrain as an outsider.
Appliance City, like much other American manufacturing, was under pressure from firms in Asia and Europe well before the maquila industry took flight.
As Table 2 indicates, the three measures of wages are positively correlated, varying from a low of 0.273 between minimum wage and maquila wages to 0.559 between minimum wage and IMSS wages.
La metodologia utilizada es de corte cualitativo, las herramientas que contribuyeron a profundizar en el tema de la violencia laboral en la maquila fueron entrevistas semiestructuradas individuales y colectivas, asi como grupos focales, el diario de campo y las fuentes secundarias de datos.
Pero si bien la mayoria de las industrias estan concentradas en las ciudades colindantes con Estados Unidos, el 40% de los empleos relacionados con la maquila se ha expandido a toda la Republica, privilegiando los estados del centro, es decir, Jalisco, Estado de Mexico, Distrito Federal, Guanajuato, Puebla, Queretaro y San Luis Potosi.
Cedillo acerca de las experiencias de envejecimiento en la maquila, da cuenta de como operan las diferencias de genero donde las mujeres casi nunca ascendieron o cambiaron de categoria laboral.
Los estudios acerca de la maquila hasta ahora se han enfocado en sus procesos de produccion (Mathews, 2002), en ilustrar como aprovecha las ventajas comparativas de distintos paises para operar con bajos costos, principalmente los salariales (Miller, 2006; Fishman, 2005, y Kwan, 2000), pero no se han estudiado sus practicas vinculadas con la responsabilidad social empresarial.
This was concentrated largely in the transport, warehousing and communication sector; followed by the manufacturing and maquila sectors.
Maquila exports also represented 33 percent of total exports, whereas the non-maquila industry contributed with 38 percent of such total.