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Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.

manipulate

To cause a security to sell at an artificial price. Although investment bankers are permitted to manipulate temporarily the stock they underwrite, most other forms of manipulation are illegal.
Case Study Manipulation of security prices is not limited to industry professionals out for a quick buck. In early 2001 the Securities and Exchange Commission settled securities fraud charges with former burrito vendor Yun Soo Oh Park IV, known to his Internet followers as "Tokyo Joe." As part of the settlement Park agreed to return nearly a quarter of a million dollars in trading profits. According to SEC charges, to which Park did not admit or deny wrongdoing, the 50-year-old Korean native engaged in stock manipulation by recommending on Internet message boards stocks he already owned. He then sold his own shares as the recommended stocks rose in price. As Park's legend grew several thousand people agreed to pay an annual fee to receive an advance notice of his postings. The SEC also charged that Park was paid by a firm to recommend its stock. Park's lawyers claimed their client's actions were protected by free speech and not subject to federal securities regulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drivers generally take their eyes off the road to dial, send texts and browse the web on a hand-held phone - all activities that fall under the rubric of manipulating the phone.
The Treasury compiles the Report on International Economic and Exchange Rate Policies to determine whether any major trading partners are manipulating exchange rates after a six-month review under the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act, which involves the possibility of economic sanctions.
Bruce Prescott of Mainstream Baptists Oklahoma (and a member of the Americans United Board of Trustees), observed in his blog, "Only a fundamentalist demagogue who has made a career of 'manipulating' and 'brainwashing' people to read the Bible through medieval lenses could find cartoon characters teaching tolerance so threatening."
once again declined to cite any Asian countries as manipulating their currencies to gain unfair trade advantages with the U.S.
The strength of OT is that they are well suited for manipulating biological objects and refractive and metallic particles, yet it is usually used in solution.
With settings, objects, and mood, the VR environment not only arouses learners' senses and emotions, but also requires learners to interact with the environment by manipulating objects through computer input.
to suspend stock trading on its own account for 20 business days from Wednesday for manipulating market prices.
In fact, as he underscores, we are already manipulating embryos.
Pennebaker, France's Jean Rouch, and Canadians Wolf Koenig, Roman Kroitor and Michel Brault, wanted to capture the quivering intensity of real life without manipulating it or telling viewers what to think about the images they were seeing.
Continued research and development to provide better algorithms for manipulating what may be tetrabytes of data in some rational manner is proceeding (Fayyad et al., 1996).
The lifting of a bag will not be considered a search.(34) Lightly compressing or "poofing" the sides of a bag for either the officer or a drug dog to smell the bag most likely will not be considered a search.(35) Actively manipulating the outside of a bag with the entire hand to feel what is in the bag may or may not be considered a search.
Of course, this is just the beginning of manipulating the Timeline; you can extend or compress the length of the dance, view multiple dancers, repeat dance sequences, play them backwards, and synchronize your dance to music.