manipulate

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Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

manipulate

To cause a security to sell at an artificial price. Although investment bankers are permitted to manipulate temporarily the stock they underwrite, most other forms of manipulation are illegal.
Case Study Manipulation of security prices is not limited to industry professionals out for a quick buck. In early 2001 the Securities and Exchange Commission settled securities fraud charges with former burrito vendor Yun Soo Oh Park IV, known to his Internet followers as "Tokyo Joe." As part of the settlement Park agreed to return nearly a quarter of a million dollars in trading profits. According to SEC charges, to which Park did not admit or deny wrongdoing, the 50-year-old Korean native engaged in stock manipulation by recommending on Internet message boards stocks he already owned. He then sold his own shares as the recommended stocks rose in price. As Park's legend grew several thousand people agreed to pay an annual fee to receive an advance notice of his postings. The SEC also charged that Park was paid by a firm to recommend its stock. Park's lawyers claimed their client's actions were protected by free speech and not subject to federal securities regulation.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, identifying manipulatable factors that will affect selfcontrol behavior becomes important.
The framing of risk seems to also be highly manipulatable. Industry, environmental organizations, and various levels of government have attempted to manipulate public perceptions of risk to promote their own political or economic agendas.
People had always been manipulatable elements in this "larger composition" as Price writes that "In our own species, objects merely picturesque are to be found among the wandering tribes of gypsies and beggars ..." (63)--accordingly, beggars' poverty and the "wandering" of gypsies promoted an aesthetic effect that both acknowledged and disavowed the principles of alienation undergirding the concept of property.
The processes leading to marginalisation are modifiable and manipulatable. There is no inevitable outcome of globalisation (see, for example, Norberg-Hodge 2001; Pires-O'Brien 2000).
What's special in this book is the amount of manipulatable flaps, wheels, pull-tabs, removable parts to assemble elsewhere, and little books to read.
He predicts "that the hardware/software dichotomy will reappear in biotechnology, and indeed in other 21st century technologies." When genetic code becomes "more manipulatable, more like a computer's memory, then the limiting factor will be the quality of the software that governs the manipulation." With software snarled by Moore's Law in reverse, it will be expensive to rewrite DNA.
If electronic records no longer need to remain in a manipulatable state (that is, the users no longer require computer access to the data), usually no justification exists for retaining them in a digital, computer-processable format.
So would the advantages of turning to a more complex indicator, which might be perceived as manipulatable, in a context of relative stability of the RPIX in recent years.
They argue that quantity often fails to discriminate among more and less culpable defendants and is based on manipulatable, arbitrary, or unreliable factors.
But in the words of Waylon Jennings: "The doers and thinkers say movin' is the closest thing to bein' free." The body behind the keyboard, wiggling its fingers, sliding a mouse back and forth and staring into the screen, may be experiencing a sense of mobility in the virtual world, but at the physical level the body resembles Foucault's ideal subject of power, the analyzable, manipulatable, "docile body" (Foucault 136) available to be "subjected, used, transformed, and improved" (Dery 165).
Ecological views of learning disability offer several possibilities for rehabilitation intervention by linking LD effects to manipulatable personal and environmental factors.
The Internet vastly increases the ability of users to obtain information.(34) The Web far surpasses the capabilities of traditional print media, as it provides easily downloaded and manipulatable information, dynamic Web pages, and larger immediate audiences.(35) Indeed, the Internet provides virtually instantaneous transmission of information via a collection of networks that span the world..