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maintenancethe management process of repairing and maintaining buildings, plant, machinery and equipment to avoid breakdowns and disruption to production. Effective maintenance requires the firm to draw up appropriate plans and timetables, taking into account the frequency of maintenance required, available personnel, ordering and stocking of spare parts etc.
The maintenance function provides an important service to production, marketing and administration departments. Routine maintenance within a firm is often undertaken by the firm's own maintenance department, while major refurbishment of machines may be contracted to specialist outside firms.
The care and upkeep of a building to keep it in roughly the same condition as when it was first built,except for natural changes in the patina of finishes.