(2008), "Is there a liability of localness
? How emerging market firms respond to regulatory punctuations", Journal of International Management.
However, as state branding programs, such as Pride of New York or Ohio Proud are used to connect an increasingly engaged set of corporate food retailers to procure locally, the degree of "localness
" may be scrutinized, or valued less, by at least some of the buying public.
For calibrations obtained by the method of 2.4, we have the following criterion for localness
Crucially, Bouabre's localness
did not give way to the universal or the global, to the every-place that is really a no-place.
Although strongly connected to the nation, proximity is a more radical "localness
" that exists within national identities (for example, ideas of ethnic purity).
"Those services include: the drawing up and issuing of our localness
guidelines, and the carrying out of our licensing functions in a way which seeks to ensure inclusion in licensed broadcasting of local material, including material of particular linguistic content and/or presentation, where necessary by the imposition of licence conditions."
Over the last 10 years the organisation has grown substantially but has still managed to retain the ethos of localness
While that is not the focal point of this article, in the future a separate in-depth discussion of this oeuvre should undertake a critical and reflexive discussion of this "localness
." (46) Levy's attitude toward the "East," for example, exhibited fascination with the "oriental" (in works depicting camels or Arab women, such as Hagar ), while Sharon's work reveals her attitude toward the Mizrahi men and women living in Israel's periphery (in projects like Namal Ashdoda ).
The provincial marketing board eagerly emphasises the localness
and freshness of domestic produce, often linking it to pictures of the expansive (and largely empty) Ontario countryside.
The paper's main contribution lies in integrating the possibility of a "liability of localness
" effect, which can negatively affect certain population of local residents, once a treaty is implemented.
Wazen says: "Focusing its core media in terms of 'localness
' of the UAE will strengthen and lev- erage relationships, informa- tion, and public knowledge, which will have a direct impact on the communities, instilling local affinity to Abu Dhabi Media in the long run."