Brownfields and "LULUs" --or locally unwanted land uses
--proliferate in the figurative backyards of Africana programs in cities throughout the country, Patterson shows in his book.
The placement of urban farms and gardens may raise concerns about the equitable distribution of environmental hazards and locally unwanted land uses
. Consideration and caution should be paid so that nuisance or noxious land uses are not confined to low-income and minority neighborhoods.
Sacrifice Zones graphically describes what life is like for people of color and poor people who live on the "wrong side of the tracks" and in "throw-away communities" whose residents receive unequal protection, if any protection at all; such communities contain locally unwanted land uses
, or LULUs, and industries deposit pollutants just outside the factory gates.
Cities challenged by under-employment, population loss and "lulus," or "locally unwanted land uses
" like hospitals and nonprofit landowners, may so bog down some cities that the only possible development is redevelopment, he said.
"From landfills to incinerators, from petrochemical plants to freeways and refineries, all those locally unwanted land uses
, what we call LULUs, are usually near or in black and poor neighborhoods.
Airports -- along with hazardous waste facilities, nuclear waste repositories, powerplants, prisons and road tunnels -- are archetypal LULUs (locally unwanted land uses
Several studies have found the existence of a correlation between ethnic minorities and pollution or locally unwanted land uses
such as hazardous waste facilities (Bunyan and Bryant, 1992; Bullard, 1983; United Church of Christ, 1987; U.S.
In communities across America, public policy makers on city councils, county commissions and planning and zoning boards are spending a disproportionate amount of time regulating locally unwanted land uses