In Sweden, there are some studies that look at lobbyism in relation to the Swedish Parliament.
In Denmark, only one report on lobbyism has been done, and it was done by a PR company that specialises in lobbyism.
In the studies mentioned in the sections above, we find evidence to support the argument that the combination of both the mediatisation of politics and the decline in corporatism are amongst the structural changes that have given rise to increased lobbyism and a growing PR sector across Scandinavia.
The table shows, first of all, that many former MPs find positions outside the field of lobbyism, unions, think tanks and interest groups.
Looking more closely at the remaining job positions, 24 of these positions has been registered as lobbyism.
Looking specifically at party affiliation and the move to lobbyism, table 3 below shows that the MPs who leave politics to work specifically as lobbyists, have more often come from the centre-right parties than from centre-left parties.
This leaves 11 per cent of the job positions that do fall within the wider field associated with the emerging field of policy professionals (including lobbyism), while lobbyism on its own accounts for two per cent of the job positions.
Even though these job positions may not solely involve lobbying, working for a think tank, interest organisation or a union may indeed still involve elements of lobbyism, and thus raise some of the same questions about privileged access to the policy formulating process that started the debate about lobbyism in Denmark to begin with.