The solution is less clear when the oceans or lake wipe out littoral land (or even inland parcels), only to restore some fraction of it years later.
(110) In this case, the limitations that the state imposed on itself offer huge in-kind benefits to the former littoral owners who are now guaranteed the two key incidents of ownership normally associated with littoral land. (111) The key question, therefore, is the extent to which these furnish the needed in-kind benefits.
at 2594 ("Littoral land owners have, inter alia, rights to have access to the water.
Clearly these rules have to be modified to some extent to deal with littoral lands, where there is only one shore and not two banks.
If the earlier conceptions of natural law applied, that land would be a res nullius or owned by the owner of the littoral lands, (101) thereby avoiding the risk that the state could profit handsomely from its own conduct.
1896) (explaining that part of the Ordinance discussing flats was not part of the original body of liberties of 1641 but was an addition in 1647); see also GOULD, supra note 25, [sections] 166, at 332 & n.5 (citing various cases dealing with ownership of littoral land form by change in a river's course, violent weather or floods).
1, 18-25 (1894) (providing a state by state overview of littoral land owners' rights over the abutting flats and the history of the colonial approach).
Alger have interpreted ownership rights in littoral land to be subject only to public benefit).
at 165 (recognizing the legislature's role as guardian of littoral lands).
The Indian Ocean and the East and South China seas have always connected the littoral lands
of South, Southeast and Northeast Asia, pulling together culturally, politically and even racially distinct societies.