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Payment of a financial obligation earlier than is expected or required.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A heavy metal shown to cause learning disabilities, behavioral problems, seizures, and even death in children.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 3 to 4 million children had elevated lead levels in their blood in 1978. The number has now been reduced to several hundred thousand, but elevated lead levels in blood is still the leading environmentally induced illness in children.

Federal law that went into effect in 1996 requires sellers and landlords of properties built before 1978 (when lead-based paint became illegal) to do the following before any contract or lease becomes final:

1. Provide a copy of the EPA booklet, “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home.”
2. Disclose any known information concerning lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.
3. Provide any records and reports on lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards.
4. Include an attachment to the contract or lease (or language inserted in the lease itself) that includes a lead warning statement and confirms that the seller or landlord has complied with all notification requirements.
5. Provide home buyers a 10-day period to conduct a paint inspection or risk assessment for lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the standard 12-lead ECG is the noninvasive gold standard for assessing cardiac rhythm, dysrhythmias, and ischemia, placement of the four limb leads is impractical for continuous ECG monitoring because they are uncomfortable for patients and cumbersome when mobilizing patients, and they cause muscle artifact that leads to false positive alarms (Drew et al., 2004).
Historically, the limb leads were measured with ankles and wrists in conducting solution, which formed the "electrode".
Local activation times relative to the S peak in the II limb lead electrocardiogram (sinus rhythm) or to the onset of a pacing impulse (ventricular pacing) were determined automatically on the basis of the minimum of the first derivative of the (IRS complex and reviewed and revised if necessary.
The artifacts related to Parkinson's disease are more prominent in the limb leads and represent the action potentials of active striated muscles.
(2) Another systematic review revealed similar findings where ST segment elevation (most commonly defined as at least 1 mm in 2 or more contiguous limb leads or at least 2 mm in 2 contiguous precordial leads) had a LR+ = 13.1 (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.28-20.6).