land description

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land description

Any instrument granting or relinquishing rights in real estate must contain a description of the real estate.The description must be precise enough so that a stranger, relying only on the writing in the instrument and perhaps some training as a surveyor, could go out in the world and locate the exact piece of property covered by the instrument. That being said, it is not at all uncommon for old deeds to recite,“Starting at the midpoint of the old logging road,thence proceed 500 feet,more or less,to a stream… .“ Allowances are made for such descriptions if one can determine the boundaries with other evidence.It is not acceptable, however, to describe real property by a street address, by a tax assessor's parcel identification number,or as something similar to “one acre of land near the north end of Joe Jones's property.” Acceptable land descriptions appear in one of three ways:

1. Subdivision lot and block number, as recorded on a master plat in the local real estate records.

2. Metes and bounds, which includes a recognized starting point and then gives the angle and direction of turns, and the length of lines, for the various sides of the property until returning to the beginning.

3. Aliquot part, which starts with a particularly described 640-acre section, and then describes particular fractions of that section to arrive at the description of the parcel.

The diagram “explodes” out the relevant quarters of each square, to make it easier to follow the description. We start with the largest parcel, which is a section—labeled “A” on the drawing. It contains 640 acres. The part in which we are interested is the southwest (SW) quarter (1/4) of the section—labeled “B” on the drawing. Within B, we are interested in that SW 1/4—labeled “C”.
Within C, we are interested in the west half (shaded black in the drawing). Putting all the pieces together,we would name the particular section according to the government numbering system, and then start with the smallest piece and work our way backward to the whole. In this case, the description is,“The W 1/2 of the SW 1/4 (C) of the SW 1/4 (B) of Section 8 (A).”If a section is 640 acres, then B must be one-fourth of that, or 160 acres. C is one-fourth of that, or 40 acres, and the black part is 20 acres.

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In general, the legal land description is required but various private registry offices can perform an additional search using the municipal address.
In another, similar experience, an appraiser clearly disclosed questions relative to the land description and size.
Written in nontechnical language and supported by numerous line drawings, A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys not only helps readers gain a strong familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, but enables them to accurately evaluate it, detect any inadequacies, and make the proper adjustments to obtain approval.
The survey station may be located on the land, in a land description, or on a map.
The comfort letter received lists all applications made on behalf of the Company during the period of May 6-9th, 2008 and details the land description, acres, priority sequence and the allocated coal prospecting permit (CPP) numbers.
Metes & Bounds: A method of land description in which the dimensions of the property are measured by distance and direction.
We electronically delivered the documents to the clients' desk, streamlined the search process by land description and added fuzzy logic to search names with sound-alike or nickname capability.

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