land description


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land description

Any instrument granting or relinquishing rights in real estate must contain a description of the real estate.The description must be precise enough so that a stranger, relying only on the writing in the instrument and perhaps some training as a surveyor, could go out in the world and locate the exact piece of property covered by the instrument. That being said, it is not at all uncommon for old deeds to recite,“Starting at the midpoint of the old logging road,thence proceed 500 feet,more or less,to a stream… .“ Allowances are made for such descriptions if one can determine the boundaries with other evidence.It is not acceptable, however, to describe real property by a street address, by a tax assessor's parcel identification number,or as something similar to “one acre of land near the north end of Joe Jones's property.” Acceptable land descriptions appear in one of three ways:

1. Subdivision lot and block number, as recorded on a master plat in the local real estate records.

2. Metes and bounds, which includes a recognized starting point and then gives the angle and direction of turns, and the length of lines, for the various sides of the property until returning to the beginning.

3. Aliquot part, which starts with a particularly described 640-acre section, and then describes particular fractions of that section to arrive at the description of the parcel.

The diagram “explodes” out the relevant quarters of each square, to make it easier to follow the description. We start with the largest parcel, which is a section—labeled “A” on the drawing. It contains 640 acres. The part in which we are interested is the southwest (SW) quarter (1/4) of the section—labeled “B” on the drawing. Within B, we are interested in that SW 1/4—labeled “C”.
Within C, we are interested in the west half (shaded black in the drawing). Putting all the pieces together,we would name the particular section according to the government numbering system, and then start with the smallest piece and work our way backward to the whole. In this case, the description is,“The W 1/2 of the SW 1/4 (C) of the SW 1/4 (B) of Section 8 (A).”If a section is 640 acres, then B must be one-fourth of that, or 160 acres. C is one-fourth of that, or 40 acres, and the black part is 20 acres.

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References in periodicals archive ?
(83) When land descriptions are inadequate, interests in the same land could be registered under different land descriptions and, consequently, purchasers and other investors may not be able to rely on the land registry.
(385) Obtaining accurate land descriptions and adjudicating the title for each initial registration is very time-consuming and costly.
The run for the map of the land description in Table 1 is 865 feet.
Table 2 is the land description of a real parcel of land in Kentucky.
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The spatial extent of Arvas probably remained unchanged from the late 18th century onwards, since its borders were practically identical in taxation land descriptions found in court records from 1819 and 1856.
The borders of the Siebmer taxation land also remained unchanged during the study period, according to taxation land descriptions from 1819 and 1844.
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Research your state's agriculture laws and state and federal land descriptions and restrictions pertaining to your particular piece of land.
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"Manually extracting the bearings and distances to form the boundaries can be time consuming and expensive," said Cliff Robbins, Oakland County's supervisor of land descriptions and mapping.

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