are associated with low Reynolds numbers and laminar flow
. As Reynolds number increases and flow becomes turbulent, the curve bends and flattens out.
The boundary conditions of the laminar flow
type incubator are given in Table 2.
Choi, "Heat transfer coefficient for liquid sodium in developing laminar flow
regime," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, vol.
The break point from laminar flow
to turbulent flow is a phenomenon that initiates at the boundary layer, where viscous forces have a much greater impact.
in channels with porous walls at high suction Reynold number.
VGs are placed near the leading edge of the wing where they are still in laminar flow
and can extend high enough into the boundary layer to twist some of the faster air still in the boundary layer into pencil-thin vortices running chord-wise down the wing.
(2005a, 2005b) did more detailed research on pressure drop in pipe flow, and they drew the conclusion that TBAB CHSs satisfied the Bingham non-Newtonian model, but their works are limited in the laminar flow
regime and lack the data of transition and turbulent regimes.
It is generally understood that rubber flows through the runner channels of the mold and into the cavity according to principles defined and articulated by laminar flow
For laminar flow
the resistance is very low and it is evident that a relatively small driving pressure is able to produce a significant resultant flow rate.
The self-contained Downflow Booth Systems from Laminar Flow
Inc, are designed to control potent or non-potent compounds during sampling, weighing, dividing, transfer, product charging, or other manual processes.
In hospital ORs, using HEPA-filtered air and downward, unidirectional, low-induction airflow (vertical laminar flow
) are nearly de facto standards.
of California in Santa Barbara, this volume is a substantial revision of the author's 1992 Laminar flow
and convective transport processes (published by Butterworth-Heinemann).