labour law


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labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
A major step of Government in connection with labour law reforms is the merging of 44 existing labour laws into four labour codes: Wages, Industrial Relations, Social Security & Welfare and Occupational Safety, Health & Working Conditions.
The audit found that labour laws do not effectively combat various forms of discrimination against women, including more subtle forms of discrimination against women based on their age, marital status and reproductive role.
As per the UAE labour law, how do I calculate my end of service gratuity?
The employer as per the labour law has no right to reject the employee's resignation.
Arthurs creates a map of labour law of his own projection, emphasizing the concept of labour market regulation and the on-going crisis.
The New Labour Law's most important advantages are as follows:
This article will now try to address some of the questions which are often raised in relation to the employment provisions of the Qatar Financial Centre (QFC) in the context of those of the Labour Law. The QFC is an exempt entity with its own unique employment regulatory regime.
The labour law specifies that, based on the number of works (over 500) a doctor must be on the company's payroll and those with 100 to 500 workers must have a full-time qualified nurse in its employ to take care of medical emergencies within the camp.
Pursuant to your queries, it may be advised that you shall be entitled to paid leave after the completion of six months of service in accordance with Article 75 of the Labour Law which states:
About the training workshop, the deputy minister said the three-day event would enable participant to know about labour laws, employment principles and behavior towards employees.
It was second in the series on the topic of Bahrain Labour Law and ninth workshop in the series overall.
After discussing the labour law, the syndicate representatives also discussed the health insurance law.

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