labour

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labour

the human input to work activity. See JOB, CAPITAL.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

labour

the contribution to productive activity made by the workforce both by hand (for example, the assembly of a car) and mentally (for example, devising a stock-control system). Labour is one of the three main FACTORS OF PRODUCTION, the others being NATURAL RESOURCES and CAPITAL. See alsoECONOMIC GROWTH, HUMAN CAPITAL.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in classic literature ?
The true husbandman will cease from anxiety, as the squirrels manifest no concern whether the woods will bear chestnuts this year or not, and finish his labor with every day, relinquishing all claim to the produce of his fields, and sacrificing in his mind not only his first but his last fruits also.
When there is only so much of the same thing, and when two men want all they can get of the same thing, there is a conflict of interest between labor and capital.
Uniting and constitution of laws for different labors of agriculture and home of Non Governmental Organization (NGO) were discussed in the workshop.
Jens Arup told the participants that the project is about uniting the labors and constituting the laws for them as many of the labors in Pakistan are from NGOs and they are not permitted to do so and in return, social protection institutions cannot help them which is much needed in Pakistan.Thats why, we have decided to work on NGO sector in Pakistan in near future.
Women supported by doulas also needed fewer induced labors and delivered their babies faster.
During labor and delivery, she stands a good chance of getting intravenous infusions, injections of medications that facilitate labor and reduce pain, continuous electrode monitoring of her unborn child and, perhaps, a forceps delivery or a cesarean section.
On the other hand, many women viewed their labors in the barn and field not only as necessities but as a pleasure.
A common theme of Hamlin Garland's realistic short stories about the late-nineteenth-century Midwest was the difference in sexual divisions of labor in immigrant and Yankee families.
Women attempting vaginal birth after previously giving birth only by cesarean section normally have long labors, similar to women giving birth for the first time.
But until now, sketchy scientific data existed for obstetricians to determine whether labor abnormalities in these women, including very long labors, should be judged by the same or by different criteria as those used for women who attempt labor without having had a previous cesarean section.
In effect, the state sponsored a middle-class version of the early life course that not only militated against the requirements of the working-class family wage economy but challenged parents' ideas about the pedagogical function of juvenile labor. Yet the story of the gradual reining-in of the school age population and of the institutionalization of an emerging middle-class life course with its emphasis upon abstract time over responsiveness to family need was much less certain and more tumultuous than appears in the long perspective of the historiography of education in the United States.
The expansion of popular schooling may be divided into two distinct periods after mid-century: 1852 to 1871 saw the conversion of loosely organized, ungraded common schools into a city-wide system of graded public grammar schools; 1872 to 1911 marked the passage of a compulsory education law and the development of the means to enforce it, including a rising concern with absenteeism, withdrawal rates, truancy, vagrancy, and juvenile labor - all of which were brought under control by the end of the century.(14) While the philosophical bases of grading and compulsory school attendance were complicated by aims both egalitarian and elitist, the effect of grading and compulsory education was to universalize the early life course.