Forty-seven percent of women who labored
in water and 66% of those receiving standard augmentation required epidural analgesia at some point; the difference, assessed through chi-square testing, was not statistically significant.
Mutual aid, ranging from visiting sick or injured members to death and disability insurance, met a very real material need among railroaders who labored
in a hazardous industry, while moral uplift, more idealistic in orientation, emphasized the individual self-improvement of men who labored
in rough environments.
Although historians have focused on the leasing of convicts to plantation owners, and Hollywood films have depicted the degradation of penal farms, most convicts labored
in industry not agriculture, according to Lichtenstein.