labour law

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Related to labor contract: employment contract, Labor Agreements

labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The persistence of the Filipino government on attesting the labor contracts of the domestic helpers within its embassy in the UAE and pre-review of the contracts is an unacceptable intervention on the domestic policies of the UAE ministries," he elaborated, and argued that the attestation of the labor contracts of the employees is main jurisprudence of the Interior Ministry.
insist that China's new labor contract law is the most significant reform to the law of employment relations: it is a distinct improvement on the legal framework regulating employment relations, is a necessary and beneficial contribution to the regulation of work in China, permits employees to obtain remedies for non-payment of contractually agreed compensation, makes a contribution to addressing some of the egregious abuses that occur in China, and mandates a procedural requirement.
Hiring workers without concluding labor contracts will continue to be penalized by the Chief Labor Inspectorate (GIT) and not by the National Revenue Agency (NRA).
Labor Contract Law will slow down the pace of recruitment for college students.
Martinez said first-quarter operating income "would have doubled" were it not for "significant professional fees" and a nine-day pilots' strike and subsequent signing bonus given to pilots as part of a new labor contract.
Once approved by United States Army Japan," said Lett, "they will establish an additional operations site here, using six of the 16 Master Labor Contract personnel transferred from the transportation battalion.
Some of the theoretical literature on labor contracts and uncertainty suggests that contract duration should be inversely related to uncertainty.
Negotiating and administering a bargaining agreement or an individual labor contract, like handling a regulatory contract, is a critical and obvious responsibility of managers and administrators.
The contract, if ratified, would move pre-merger America West ("West") maintenance-and-related employees to the higher pay scales of the pre-merger US Airways ("East") labor contract and modifies the existing East labor agreement in ways that are mutually beneficial to IAM mechanic-and-related employees and the company.
The Association of Flight Attendants, representing the airline s flight attendant fleet of 3,400 people, has revealed that the latest labor contract has incorporated protections in order to reduce the pace of upward movements of the health-related expenses, plus to enhance job security and to improve work rules.
The new collective labor contract was signed in the presence of Labor Minister Totyu Mladenov.
Talks in Orlando are aimed at renewing a labor contract that became amendable in April 2005.