labour law

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Related to labor contract: employment contract, Labor Agreements

labour law

the body of legislation and judicial decisions concerned with INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, TRADE UNIONS and employment. Labour law has two main forms:
  1. individual labour law, relating to the rights and obligations of individual employees.

    From the 1960s onwards the volume of law in this area has grown considerably, partly as a response to European Union legislation. The Employment Act 1975 was particularly important as it established the right not to be unfairly dismissed (see UNFAIR DISMISSAL). Other important legislation in this era proscribed DISCRIMINATION on grounds of race or sex. In the 1980s individual rights were weakened somewhat. For example, the qualifying period for the right not to be unfairly dismissed was extended. However, legislation by the European Union counterbalanced this trend to some extent, and in the 1990s employees' rights in the areas of dismissal, MATERNITY RIGHTS, PARENTAL LEAVE and WORKING TIME were widened and strengthened;

  2. collective labour laws, relating to the activities of TRADE UNIONS and the conduct of INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS and COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. Traditionally, the law has not played an important role in industrial relations, and agreements made between unions and employers are not legally binding (see VOLUNTARISM). However, industrial relations has become increasingly subject to legal intervention in recent years (see JURIDIFICATION). In the 1970s a statutory union recognition procedure was established (subsequently repealed) by the Employment Act 1975. This law also required that employers consult over REDUNDANCIES and pass to unions information relevant to collective bargaining (see DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION). In the 1980s and 1990s the conduct of STRIKES, TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES, SECONDARY ACTION, and the CLOSED SHOP were all the subjects of legislation, much of it aimed at eradicating what the government saw as trade union abuses. Recently a new STATUTORY UNION RECOGNITION PROCEDURE was introduced. Whilst union action continues to be highly regulated, labour law is now seen to be less hostile to unions than it was in the 1980s and 1990s. See MINIMUM WAGE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enactment of the Labor Contract Law was a response to a rapid rise in labor unrest in China in the 1990s and 2000s.
"The persistence of the Filipino government on attesting the labor contracts of the domestic helpers within its embassy in the UAE and pre-review of the contracts is an unacceptable intervention on the domestic policies of the UAE ministries," he elaborated, and argued that the attestation of the labor contracts of the employees is main jurisprudence of the Interior Ministry.
The union is also insisting that the new labor contract maintain the traditional provision of paying bank employees a 16-month annual salary, meaning every three months they receive double their monthly wage.
insist that China's new labor contract law is the most significant reform to the law of employment relations: it is a distinct improvement on the legal framework regulating employment relations, is a necessary and beneficial contribution to the regulation of work in China, permits employees to obtain remedies for non-payment of contractually agreed compensation, makes a contribution to addressing some of the egregious abuses that occur in China, and mandates a procedural requirement.
During the National People's Congress in March 2010, the work report of Standing Committee of the National People's Congress said that since the Labor Contract Law has been promulgated and implemented, the awareness of the labor contract of the whole society has been generally raised and the rate of signing of labor contract was significantly increased, up to 93% (Li 2003, Chen 2004).
Madnick said he's encouraged by progress so far in efforts to revise the labor contract's provision.
Four years after becoming one of the first small towns in the nation to extend health benefits to city employees' gay partners, the town board on January 4 rescinded the benefits in making a new labor contract.
The spiraling cost of providing health care benefits through the Building Service 32BJ Health Fund--fueled by several years of double digit medical and prescription drug inflation--took center stage in the recent commercial building labor contract negotiations that concluded on October 1.
Initial discussions are taking place with the United Steelworkers of America regarding a labor contract and staffing of the plant.
Teamsters Local 346 representing the hourly employees at the UPM-Kymmene Blandin Paper Mill in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA, voted on February 6 to ratify a six-year labor contract with the company.
In July, school officials announced that they would negotiate a labor contract with the RAs, making UMASS Amherst the first college in the nation to agree to do so.
WASHINGTON -- The City University of New York and the union representing its faculty and professional staff recently reached a tentative labor contract, but specifics have not been disclosed.