Polychronios the singoularios died on the Monday before the Kalends
of June (May 18) in the 14th year of the indiction, and his death can thus be dated to the year 431.
`The consuls celebrated the formal ceremony of entry upon office on Janus' day, the Kalends
, of Janus' month,(4) and in their sacrifice, as in most state sacrifices, Janus received the first offering.' That Janus was addressed first in such ceremonies, `coming even before Jupiter',(5) is proved by (amongst other evidence) Martial's apostrophe of the god at 10.28.2, publica quem primum uota precesque uocant, `you whom public vows and prayers invoke first'.
There followed The Mexican Guide (1886), The Aztec Treasure-House (1890), Stories of Old New Spain (1891), The Uncle of an Angel, and Other Stories (1891), Embassy to Provence (1893), In Old New York (1894), In the Sargasso Sea (1898), In Great Waters (1901), The Passing of Thomas (1900), The Christmas Kalends
of Provence (1902), The Dutch Founding of New York (1903), Henry Hudson (1909), Legends of the City of Mexico (1910), From the South of France (1912), and At the Casa Napoleon (1914).
On the other hand, in Vita Juttae it is stated that, 'on the Kalends
of November [1 November] the venerable lord Abbott Burchard, then in the last year of his life, enclosed her [Jutta] with two other sisters and herself the third, in homage of the divine Trinity' (p.
(5) A few festivals remained from the ancient empire, such as Lupercalia in Rome and the empire-wide celebration of Kalends
, as well as the games and theater.
The authors begin in the Anglo-Saxon period and move on to Kalends
, Feasts of Fools, and other early folk customs.
In Rome, too, myrtle is associated with Venus and sexual desire.(17) On the Kalends
of April, women of the lower ranks bathe and take up myrtle garlands to worship Venus.(18) When women worship the Bona Dea, they are not permitted to bring myrtle, presumably because of its associations with desire.(19)
The sermon for the Kalends
of January (M 62) is surprisingly long.
The blessed Praxedes collected their bodies and buried them in the cemetery of Priscilla on the 7th day of the Kalends
of June [i.e., 26 May].(8)
At first sight the hagiographer's statement that Polycarp 'was martyred on the second day of the first half of the month of Xanthicus, the seventh day before the kalends
of March, a great sabbath, at the eighth hour' looks like a piece of chronological precision aimed at combining Smyrnaean, Roman, and Christian terminology.