The third and possibly most substantively influential source of pressure for the reform of the nationality laws that regulated family-based immigration, naturalization, and jus sanguinis
citizenship was women's organizations' sustained campaign for gender equality during the 1920s and 1930s.
At that time, the [section] 4 of the nationality law, which originally contained only the jus sanguinis
principle for German descendants, was amended with the paragraph:
In his view, an expansive, assimilationist understanding of the French nation led to the adoption of jus soli for second-generation immigrants, whereas an ethnocultural understanding of the nation has supported jus sanguinis
Nonetheless, the differences between the legitimacy and citizenship status of children fathered by American soldiers in England circa 1945, Japan circa 1947> and Vietnam circa 1968 lay not just in the private choices of individuals entangled by war, but also-and significantly-in the official race-based marriage and fraternization policies of the United States military and jus sanguinis
citizenship laws enacted by Congress.
Further, Colombia is one of the rare jus sanguinis
nations in the Western Hemisphere, complicating the determination of who is a citizen of Colombia.
Rather, they choose to pervert the 1913 German citizenship law (Reichs- und Staatsangehorigkeitsgesetz) and the principle of jus sanguinis
With restrictions on jus sanguinis
in many countries in the region, it is also possible for second-generation emigrants (the children born in the United States) to lack citizenship in the parents' country, even if the parents' citizenship status there is secure.
161) The Court went on to reiterate that this guarantee of jus sanguinis
nationality was present in Haitian Constitutions spanning more than a century.
Given the unchallenged orthodoxy of jus sanguinis
in both countries, a relatively low rate of naturalization is to be expected.
Opposing jus soli is the principle of jus sanguinis
, or "right
Thus, Cheney-Lippold claims, the target becomes what he calls jus algoritmi, which, unlike jus soli and jus sanguinis
, is not ordained and stable.
35) In jus sanguinis
systems, as Ayelet Shachar notes, "the offspring of an emigrant parent gains automatic citizenship in the parent's country of origin, even where the family has severed all effective ties to the society that they have left behind.