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Junk bonds carry a higher-than-average risk of default, which means that the bond issuer may not be able to meet interest payments or repay the loan when it matures.
Except for bonds that are already in default, junk bonds have the lowest ratings, usually Caa or CCC, assigned by rating services such as Moody's Investors Service and Standard & Poor's (S&P).
Issuers offset the higher risk of default on junk bonds by offering substantially higher interest rates than are being paid on investment-grade bonds. That's why junk bonds are also known, more positively, as high-yield bonds.
mezzanine debtcolloquial terms used to describe high-interest, high-risk LOAN STOCK which is issued by a company as a means of borrowing money to finance a TAKEOVER BID, MANAGEMENT BUY-OUT, or MANAGEMENT BUY-IN. A so-called leveraged' takeover bid or buy-out involves the company in increasing the proportion of its debt capital to equity capital, that is, increasing its CAPITAL GEARING.
Junk bond/mezzanine debt has come to the fore in recent years to plug the gap between the use of conventional loan finance such as DEBENTURES and the issue of SHARE CAPITAL, and the prices required to be paid for some takeover victims and DIVESTMENTS. Holders of mezzanine debt rank below conventional debt holders in terms of the repayment of loans, for which they receive a higher interest return or some shares in the company, or both. Mezzanine debt is often provided on a bridging loan basis; that is, it is used by a company to finance a takeover which, if successful, is then repaid out of the proceeds of disposing of some of the victim firm's businesses.
mezzanine debtcolloquial terms used to describe financial securities, such as forms of high-risk, high-interest LOAN CAPITAL, that are issued by a company as a means of borrowing money to finance a TAKEOVER BID or MANAGEMENT BUYOUT.
A so-called ‘leveraged’ takeover bid or buyout involves the company in increasing the proportion of its debt capital to equity capital, that is, increasing its CAPITAL GEARING.