hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
'So that's the reason why the budget of the Judiciary has gone down,' she added.
The LSK president says one of the factors affecting the Judiciary is the lack of a judiciary fund.
But go to some states, the judiciary is still refused ordinary monthly grants to run its offices.
He said that the people trusted the judiciary and their trust would further increase due to reduction in the pending cases.
Maina said the remaining Sh2.9 billion of the funds it is seeking will used to automate services in the Judiciary, mortgage and car loan for employees and clear pension arrears.
DLS' proposed rejection of the other five judges would reduce the Judiciary's budget request by about $1.5 million but would ill-serve litigants in four counties where new judges are needed, Barbera told the Public Safety, Transportation and Environment Subcommittee.
Ong said the primary intention of the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC) is to uphold the independence of the judiciary.
Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar in a statement in July said that despite all the criticism, judiciary stood as a guardian of democracy and the constitution.
Commenting on the royal order, Al-Yusuf reaffirmed that these orders and previous ones, fall within the context of standing keenness of the wise leadership to back up the board of grievances' judiciary, to enable it to cope with the judiciary message, in line with noble anticipations of the guardians, towards realizing prompt judiciary pioneering status.
He asked Abidi whether he had disregarded the judiciary. Abidi's counsel replied that his client has not insulted the judiciary but used harsh words.
The law minister said the first thing that the Father of the Nation inserted in the constitution of Bangladesh is that the judiciary will always be independent and none will be able to interfere over it.
Lahore -- Lahore High Court (LHC) has remarked ' if judiciary gives decision on Panama then it is wrong and if it gives decision on Hudaibiya and Khawaja Asif then it is correct.