hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The question is whether the Judiciary should intervene and thus interfere with the political process.
The petitioner submitted that Sharif and his daughter had been severely criticizing the judiciary in their public speeches.
The Judiciary wonders therefore, from whence the paper got such insinuations and for what purpose would the paper choose to publish such outright lie,' the Judiciary writes.
Irresponsible actions from the Judiciary, the Executive or Parliament can burn this country.
The government is however determined to suffocate the Judiciary," Mr Mbadi added.
He said a part of the judiciary had also caused an irreparable loss to Pakistan, where four dictators had ruled for 30 years while those who got the people's mandate could not survive more than two years.
Particularly within the general judiciary and the State Council, it has been the long-standing judicial norm since the establishment of the Egyptian judiciary to consider seniority as the fundamental standard for promotions within the judicial system, including to top-level positions.
The Acting Chief Justice quoted the excerpt (below) from former Chief Justice, Sir Hartman Longleys 2016 address to underline the effort that must be made to ensure the independence of the judiciary, and for the executive and the judiciary to nurture the delicate balance between the branches which make up the democracy.
The second day of the seminar includes two panel discussions on judiciary protection of investments and how to enhance commercial judiciary in investment field.
Lahore -- Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Mian Saqib Nisar on Saturday urged the public to stop doubting the integrity of the judiciary and remarked that the judiciary is akin to an elder and wise person whose advice everyone seeks.
Summary: New Delhi [India] November 26 (ANI): Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad on Sunday urged the judiciary to ensure the separation of powers between the judiciary, legislature and executive.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei called on the Judiciary to prosecute the countries behind sanctions against Iran and advocates of terrorism, and support the Muslims across the world.