Clonidine premedication, thus, produces sedation and blunts the stress response to laryngoscopy and intubation. 
The present study is undertaken to determine the efficacy of oral gabapentin 900 mg and oral clonidine 200 mcg in attenuating the sympathetic response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation and to compare the effect of oral gabapentin and oral clonidine in attenuating hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation.
time was measured from the point at which the laryngoscope blade was inserted into the mouth, and timing stopped upon the detection of an end-tidal CO2 trace.
Hundred and seventy patients (aged, 18-65 years) with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II status requiring general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation
undergoing otologic and rhinologic surgery were enrolled.
procedural skill is basically performed throughout the world by healthcare professionals and is relatively safe and is among the most effective procedures.
Results: Eighty two (87.2%) out of 94 obese patients with BMI [greater than or equal to]27.5 kg/m2 and NC/TM [greater than or equal to]5 had difficult intubation
Currently, reports suggest that compared with fentanyl, oxycodone can effectively reduce the tracheal intubation
reaction and maintain hemodynamic stability., However, the effective dose for tracheal intubation
is currently calculated according to the requirements for fentanyl.
There is a dearth of data regarding rural hospital and prehospital intubation
outcomes in KZN.
Fentanyl 50 [micro]g was administered to the patients who exhibited 20% or more increase in SAP during laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation
with reference to the value before induction.
Although several optic devices have been introduced for successful management of tracheal intubations
, the available data do not provide strong evidence that these devices supersede standard direct laryngoscopy for routine or difficult intubation
Keeping in view, the frequency with which pressor response is observed during direct laryngoscopy and intubation
various drugs and techniques have been utilized to blunt this response with variable degree of success.