inspection


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inspection

  1. the examination of raw materials, work in progress and finished goods to check that these items comply with predetermined QUALITY standards. The principal purpose of inspection is the identification of rejects, thereby ensuring that the standards set are maintained by weeding out unacceptable items (DEFECTIVE WORK). Inspection can involve examination of all items, or just a sample of items where the cost of examination is high.
  2. the inspection of buildings, plant, machinery and equipment which is also necessary to identify MAINTENANCE problems which might cause machine failure and disruption to production, or inconsistent machine performance which would affect product quality. See QUALITY CONTROL, QUALITY COSTS.
References in classic literature ?
He suddenly observed, hung over the clock, a card which, upon inspection, proved to be a programme of the daily routine of the house.
(*Rules and Regulations for the Inspection of Livestock and Their Products.
Altogether they were very beautiful, but I fear that I did not regard them with a particularly appreciative eye on this, my first inspection of them.
As he grew old he attached himself to the son as he had done to the father, and by degrees became a kind of overlooker of a house in which his remarkable integrity, his acknowledged sobriety, and a thousand other virtues useless to enumerate, gave him an eternal place by the fireside, with a right of inspection over the domestics.
That decided the planter to argue no more, and Moti Guj rolled back to his amateur inspection of the clearing.
Fairlie twisted himself round in his chair, polished the magnifying glass with his delicate cambric handkerchief, and indulged himself with a sidelong inspection of the open volume of etchings.
'I've got him under inspection, and I'll inspect him.
Even Scoresby, the justly renowned Right whaleman, after giving us a stiff full length of the Greenland whale, and three or four delicate miniatures of narwhales and porpoises, treats us to a series of classical engravings of boat hooks, chopping knives, and grapnels; and with the microscopic diligence of a Leuwenhoeck submits to the inspection of a shivering world ninety-six fac-similes of magnified Arctic snow crystals.
The first clause of the same section empowers Congress "to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises"; and the second clause of the tenth section of the same article declares that, "NO STATE SHALL, without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except for the purpose of executing its inspection laws." Hence would result an exclusive power in the Union to lay duties on imports and exports, with the particular exception mentioned; but this power is abridged by another clause, which declares that no tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State; in consequence of which qualification, it now only extends to the DUTIES ON IMPORTS.
His every movement is jealously watched by the police till he comes of age and presents himself for inspection; then he is either destroyed, if he is found to exceed the fixed margin of deviation, or else immured in a Government Office as a clerk of the seventh class; prevented from marriage; forced to drudge at an uninteresting occupation for a miserable stipend; obliged to live and board at the office, and to take even his vacation under close supervision; what wonder that human nature, even in the best and purest, is embittered and perverted by such surroundings!"
After a prolonged inspection, Bwikov seemed to recover his spirits, for he said something to which I duly replied.
On returning from a second inspection of the lines, Napoleon remarked: