It is the information conveyed, rather than the person conveying it, that determines informed consent
While most states do not require informed consent
to be in writing at all, the State Bar proposed Alternative A to encourage limited scope attorneys to obtain informed consent
The prerequisites for the ICP to succeed in both clinical and research informed consent
are that informing must be both fully comprehensive and explicit, which Manson and O'Neil  argue it can never be.
Doyal and Canpell in their article on informed consent
and the practice of good dentistry have discussed a case of negligence against a dentist in British Dental journal.
In one other sense, informed consent
is based on a fiduciary relationship between the ObGyn and patient.
Although the doctor was found not negligent for the misdiagnosis, the plaintiff then proceeded on a lack of informed consent
theory, asserting that the doctor should have advised him of the availability of a carotid ultrasound test to rule out a TIA.
For example if a researcher wants to conduct a study on vitamin D levels of school going children (aged 13-15years), an assent from children in addition to LAR's informed consent
will be required.
Research in other countries has shown that despite the legal coercion to obtain an informed consent
in an appropriate way, what actually happens cannot fulfill legal and professional requirements and the content of most of them did not meet accepted standards.
If proper informed consent
is not obtained, the patient may recover damages in an action against the physician under different theories of recovery.
As a consequence of researchers ignoring participants' human rights New Zealand guidelines on informed consent
have been developed.
The ministry has decided that "for all clinical trials, in addition to the requirement of obtaining written informed consent
, audio-visual recording of the informed consent
process of each trial subject, including the procedure of providing information to the subject and his/her understanding on.
Question 1: Is an attorney permitted to allow a title insurance company to audit the firm's special trust account used exclusively for real estate and title transactions without the informed consent
of the clients who have no involvement with that particular title insurance company?