information management

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Related to information science: Information systems

information management

the process of gathering, processing and interpreting data both from the firm's external environment and from inside the firm, generally using the information technology provided by COMPUTERS.

All business functions such as production, marketing and distribution involve both physical tasks and parallel information-processing activities. Computers, communications devices and other information technology hardware can be deployed to perform routine accounting, record keeping and order processing functions cheaply and efficiently In addition to these basic data-processing tasks, information technology has enabled firms to collect more data than previously could be handled by the firm and subject it to more detailed analysis. This has the advantage of dovetailing production, marketing and distribution activities within the firm. In addition, greater communication with customers and suppliers through their computers facilitates closer relationships with these customers and suppliers, leading to, for example, just-in-time production and supply (see JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) SYSTEM). Such information technologies as COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN and COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURE facilitate the rapid development of new products or modification of existing products and the prompt production of such products through FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, thereby allowing the firm to gain a COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE by responding rapidly to changing customer requirements. See COMMUNICATION, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING, INTERNET, ECOMMERCE, WORLD WIDE WEB, CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sanjica Faletar Tanackovic is an associate professor in the University of Osijek's department of information sciences in Croatia (sfaletar@ffos.hr).
Another study for the period of 1985-2013 based on Web of Science, Scopus, LISA and Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts (LISTA) (Pinto, Escalona, Pulgarin, and Uribe-Tirado, 2015) stated that Lotka's law accomplished and that the value found for the [alpha] parameter was high, which happens when the concentration of authors is low.
[Shera's] was one of the most successful of efforts to define the theoretical foundations of library and information science ..." (p.
Information Science in Transition, sprawling across 400 pages, is a monograph of research papers offering peer reviewed perspectives and insights into the whole spectrum of information science--a profession in transition as we enter the digital age.
Beyond school walls, he was the featured speaker at numerous conferences, professional meetings, and schools of library and information science throughout the United States and overseas.
Last year, he was named third most influential British researcher of all time in information science and librarianship.
Another project the Media Information Science Lab is working on is the collaborative capturing of interactions by multiple sensors.
UALR created the new College of Information Science and Systems Engineering just last year to meet increasing demands for workers in knowledge-based, high-tech corporations.
European Origins of Library and Information Science
The session Tomato Tomahto: European Perspectives on Information Science included presenters Julian Warner (Queen's Management School at Queen's University Belfast), Isabella Peters (ZBW Leibniz Information Centre for Economics), and Michael Buckland (University of California-Berkeley's School of Information).
Modern information science fills this need, lying at an intersection of information theory, computer science and philosophy.

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