industrial dispute

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industrial dispute

a dispute between an employer (or group of employers) and one or more workers usually arising over pay and conditions of employment, allocation of work, work discipline etc. The current official definition in the UK states that it is a dispute between workers and their employer (i.e. not another employer) and that it relates mainly or wholly to their conditions of employment (see CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT). The definition excludes disputes between workers (thereby excluding inter-TRADE UNION conflicts). Disputes that fall outside the official definition (for example INDUSTRIAL ACTION taken by workers or trade unions in furtherance of political objectives) are not covered by TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES and hence those involved are liable to legal action by employers in the civil courts.

A large number of UK employers are party (either directly or indirectly through EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATIONS) to a DISPUTES PROCEDURE or GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE which governs how disputes of this kind should be dealt with and resolved. Where such procedures are absent or where it is not possible to resolve the dispute in this way some form of INDUSTRIAL ACTION such as a STRIKE may occur. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or through some form of third party intervention. See ARBITRATION, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, CONCILIATION, CONFLICT, MEDIATION.

industrial dispute

a dispute between one or more employers, or organizations of employers, and one or more workers or organizations of workers (TRADE UNIONS), where the dispute relates wholly or mainly to matters of trade. Such matters may comprise terms and/or conditions of employment; the engagement, termination or suspension of employment of workers; the allocation of work between workers; matters of discipline, and so forth.

Serious industrial disputes are often characterized by STRIKE action on the part of workers and/or the LOCK-OUT of workers by management. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or by recourse to an independent arbiter. See INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, ARBITRATION, MEDIATION, CONCILIATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
He had claimed he never wanted to get involved in the year-long 1989 industrial dispute at the P&J.
The process by which the representative union of workers the collective bargaining agent (CBA) demands improvement in the terms and conditions of their employment is called 'raising of industrial dispute' under the law.
"We believe that there is a wider issue of governance that is highlighted by the approach that is being taken to the various industrial disputes which the Council currently faces."
class="MsoNormalAlthough Kenyan courts have in the past resolved industrial disputes, their interpretation of the law on industrial disputes has largely been pegged on the merits and demerits of the case and the basis of the text of the law.
Nevertheless, the tradition of settlement of industrial disputes through the aegis of conciliators is as old as the history of labour legislation in Pakistan.
India's IR law is enshrined in three pieces of legislation: the Industrial Disputes Act 1947 (IDA), the Trade Unions Act 1926 (TUA), and the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1946 (IESOA).
The review will examine the law around so-called leverage tactics used by trade unions in industrial disputes, as well as the role of employers in such disputes.
"That is why I have agreed to a proportionate and rational review of industrial disputes, including leverage and other tactics used by both unions and employers."
Musallam bin Mohammed Al Shehri, assistant CEO of the PEIE for operations, addressed themes like employee engagement and practices, training and development as well as employee motivation; industrial disputes' outlining research findings on causes and redressal mechanisms; and productivity versus cost.
Various aspects of the government's industrial relations record were criticised; however this paper seeks to focus on the government's record with respect to industrial disputes.
This new opportunity must not be wasted by having foolish industrial disputes either in the steelworks or in the port, as has happened in the past.
I'm actually taking the bold decision, an unbelievable decision, a very hard decision, to ground this airline." PM Gillard said the government only rarely asked the regulator to intervene in industrial disputes, but had decided to do so on this occasion because it "could have implications for our national economy".

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