industrial dispute


Also found in: Legal, Acronyms.

industrial dispute

a dispute between an employer (or group of employers) and one or more workers usually arising over pay and conditions of employment, allocation of work, work discipline etc. The current official definition in the UK states that it is a dispute between workers and their employer (i.e. not another employer) and that it relates mainly or wholly to their conditions of employment (see CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT). The definition excludes disputes between workers (thereby excluding inter-TRADE UNION conflicts). Disputes that fall outside the official definition (for example INDUSTRIAL ACTION taken by workers or trade unions in furtherance of political objectives) are not covered by TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES and hence those involved are liable to legal action by employers in the civil courts.

A large number of UK employers are party (either directly or indirectly through EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATIONS) to a DISPUTES PROCEDURE or GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE which governs how disputes of this kind should be dealt with and resolved. Where such procedures are absent or where it is not possible to resolve the dispute in this way some form of INDUSTRIAL ACTION such as a STRIKE may occur. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or through some form of third party intervention. See ARBITRATION, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, CONCILIATION, CONFLICT, MEDIATION.

industrial dispute

a dispute between one or more employers, or organizations of employers, and one or more workers or organizations of workers (TRADE UNIONS), where the dispute relates wholly or mainly to matters of trade. Such matters may comprise terms and/or conditions of employment; the engagement, termination or suspension of employment of workers; the allocation of work between workers; matters of discipline, and so forth.

Serious industrial disputes are often characterized by STRIKE action on the part of workers and/or the LOCK-OUT of workers by management. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or by recourse to an independent arbiter. See INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, ARBITRATION, MEDIATION, CONCILIATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
As stated above, consequent upon the failure of the negotiations in the Joint Works Council, the party raising the industrial dispute, under the provisions of the Industrial Relations Ordinance, 1969 and all subsequent enactments28 (legislation of the second phase) was called upon to serve a notice of strike or lock out: on its counterpart, on the conciliator and the labour court29.
India's IR law is enshrined in three pieces of legislation: the Industrial Disputes Act 1947 (IDA), the Trade Unions Act 1926 (TUA), and the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1946 (IESOA).
Time lost due to industrial disputes is measured by the number of working days lost per hundred thousand employees.
"Discussions between GTR and the Aslef and the RMT unions continue with the aim of resolving the ongoing industrial disputes.
STEEL workers in Port Talbot stood at "the brink of a major national industrial dispute for the first time in over 30 years" as they headed for a meeting last night to consider plans by steel giant Tata to close the British Steel pension scheme.
A THREATENED strike that would have seen ESB energy taken off the grid has been avoided after unions said their industrial dispute with management has been resolved.
According to the Bill, the Federal Government would constitute a National Industrial Relations Commission which will adjudicate and determine an industrial dispute in the Islamabad Capital Territory in which a trade union or a federation of such trade unions is a party and which is not confined to matters of purely local nature and any other industrial dispute which is, in the opinion of the government, of national importance and is referred to it by the government.
VOLCANIC ash may be a bigger worry for passengers but the British Airways industrial dispute too is badly straining the patience of the flying public.
ITV faced the longest industrial dispute in the history of British television in 1979.
A GROUP of former shipyard workers who were jailed more than 20 years ago after mounting a picket line during an industrial dispute have called on the Prime Minister to help clear their names.
Union boss Tony Woodley warns today that Longbridge simply could not survive an industrial dispute.
The change follows settlement of a lengthy industrial dispute with 190 secretaries of TDs and senators.

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