individualism

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individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2014) found that southern Chinese exposed to the rice farming culture performed in a more collectivist and global perceptual style, whereas northern Chinese exposed to the wheat-farming culture tended to perform in a more individualist and analytic perceptual style.
In general, individual rights, achievement, and recognition are highly valued in an individualist culture (such as those typically found in the countries of North America and Northwestern Europe), whereas harmony and cooperation within the family, organization, and community are central in collectivist cultures (Gelfand & Realo, 1999).
All of its existing products, as well as brand-new collections launched at the New York Tabletop Market, have been slotted into one of four consumer identities defined by the designer in her new book, "Vera Wang on Weddings." They are the romanticist, the traditionalist, the modernist and the individualist.
"Individualists are having a tough time at his tournament," said Petkovic, "I'm satisfied that Xherdan is not an individualist at the moment, but a team player.
Do not make the mistake of the ignorant who think that an individualist is a man who says: "I'll do as I please at everybody else's expense." An individualist is a man who recognizes the inalienable individual rights of man--his own and those of others.
Design/methodology/approach- Questionnaires were used to gather responses employing Hogarth and Einhorn's (1992) Belief-Adjustment Model (BAM) and Hofstede's (1991, 2006) national culture concept were employed to report the results of revision estimates of budgeted audit hours of thirty groups each of collectivist (individualist) culture working in groups of two auditors that were randomly allocated to one of the experimental conditions of relatively (un)favorable audit evidence.
He was a peripatetic soul who ended up back in Massachusetts, where he died in 1874, mourned among his fellow individualist anarchists.
In no sense was the murderer an individualist who lived for himself and for his own life-promoting values; he was a second-hander who "lived" entirely for the reactions he could affect in others.
Manama: Individualist state policies are no longer an option as the latest developments demand coordination and cooperation within a larger group, Bahrain's prime minister has said.
This Article takes that failure as a starting point to launch a critique of the universal individualist project that characterizes the current human rights system.
Local artists also provide items for sale that reinforces the individualist nature of the business, providing a new owner with a niche in the market.
In the end analysis, this author suggests, Kukatha's ideal boils down into an individualist anarchist critique of the Weberian state.