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Describing an asset that is difficult to sell because of its expense, lack of interested buyers, or some other reason. Examples of illiquid assets include real estate, stocks with low trading volume, or collectibles. Illiquid assets still have value and, in many cases, very high value but are simply difficult to sell. See also: Liquid.
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(1) The condition of having insufficient cash to meet anticipated requirements,such as a business loan that is turned down because of the borrower's illiquidity, not because of problems with the borrower's credit rating or the value of the collateral. (2) The relative ease with which an asset can be converted to cash.The more difficult,the more illiquid the asset is.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the crisis when the basis became the most negative, all limit-to-arbitrage measures, collateral quality, bond illiquidity, counterparty risk, and funding liquidity risk, are statistically significantly correlated with the basis and have the expected sign, suggesting that the basis was more negative for a bond more costly engaged in the arbitrage trade.
Illiquidity premiums observed in the market allow for the illiquidity risk characteristics of financial instruments.
In the current study, such a goal is best achieved by selecting the Portuguese stock market in which illiquidity is likely to be an important factor for many of its listed stocks.
The relative illiquidity of interval and tender-offer funds could potentially benefit investors two ways -- by providing access to the illiquidity premium that may be reflected in higher-yielding securities, while protecting against a rush for the exits at precisely the wrong time.
In overall terms, the regional investment market remains characterised by low deal volumes and relative illiquidity, which has proven to be a consistent barrier for international capital, and for the development of a more formal and sizeable investment market.
The regional investment market remains characterised by low deal volumes and relative illiquidity. However, the relative illiquidity is not driven by a lack of capital for deployment, rather it is the lack of available investment product for sale.
NEPC works with five sets of macro factors for setting top-down asset allocation: economic growth, real interest rates, inflation, currency and illiquidity. These are further broken down into 14 sub-factors.
Hence, the effect of illiquidity (4) is not explicitly accounted for in these models.
The greatest trades are those that take advantage of mispriced assets and illiquidity. As we head into 2017's second quarter, it increasingly appears as if the European instability narrative may be overblown as the continent prepares to outperform a shaky, "Trump trade"-dependent US, according to Steen Jakobsen , Chief Economist & CIO at Saxo Bank.
"Despite the allure of these investments, SWFs are aware of the potential risks, with illiquidity topping the list.
Clayton, Harvard University; and Christopher Harris, University of Cambridge, "Optimal Illiquidity"
While QE created a liquidity tsunami, Dodd Frank and the Volcker Rule created "market illiquidity", since global banks slashed their capital committed to making markets in less liquid corporate or emerging market debt and over the counter (OTC) derivatives.