No signs and symptoms of hypervolemia
According to a study from Canada, life-threatening high serum potassium levels, presence of pulmonary edema due to hypervolemia
, and severity of edema are the criteria considered by clinicians during HD initiation.
The data show that elderly hypertensive subjects present HR decrease during immersion at rest that can be attributed to central hypervolemia
, which stimulates the cardiopulmonary receptors reducing sympathetic nerve activation (26,29).
Conversely, spontaneous normalization of amniotic fluid volume is generally perceived as an encouraging sign because it suggests that chronic hypervolemia
has abated (7).
When inducing MIH with the infusion of cold fluids, to use lower volumes and possibly prevent complications due to hypervolemia
, temperature of the fluid needs to be as low as possible.
Acute decompensated heart failure occurred in 12 patients, 10 of which had precipitating factors (infection, hypervolemia
, hypertension, or anemia), and 6 of them accepted mechanical ventilation.
Chronic exposure to CO shows a systemic compensatory process of response to hypoxia, which includes erythrocytosis, hypervolemia
, and cardiomegaly.
Hyponatremia results in hypervolemia
because damaged kidneys cannot maintain osmotic gradient due to water accumulation in plasma (Thrall 2005).
Metabolic response to standardbred trotters with red-cell hypervolemia
. Equine Vet.
A relative plasma hypervolemia
during the summer also seems to be linked with increases in temperature and/or physical activity.
Avoidance of systemic hypotension, hypo or hypervolemia
, hypoxia, hypercarbia, hypothermia, and acidosis are key factors during the maintenance of anesthesia in these patients.
Guyatt et al., "Biofeedback dialysis for hypotension and hypervolemia
: a systematic review and meta-analysis," Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol.