ergonomics

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ergonomics

or

human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

References in periodicals archive ?
(1921) Manhood of Humanity: The Science & Art of Human Engineering. New York: E.
The sites involved in the study are the Human Engineering Research Laboratories (HERL) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (coordinating site), the Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation (KMRREC) in Orange, New Jersey, and the University of Washington (UW) in Seattle, Washington.
At the 1987 NY American APA 95th Annual Convention, Costello presented computerized biofeedback applications in medical psychology to Division 21 (Experimental Psychology and Human Engineering) distributing biofeedback hardcopy for Coronary Age Heart Risk Factor Assessment.
In November 2006, voters in Missouri will be presented with a "Constitutional Amendment Adding a New Article Pertaining to the Regulation of Cloning and Human Engineering Initiative." The language of the amendment would ban human enhancement except in very limited cases, establishing any other form of human engineering as "a crime against humanity." (10)
Editorial will focus on such topics as GNSS interoperability, wireless communications, military GPS, sensor integration, new products, systems modernization, power, industry contracts, and human engineering.
Its shifting channels within the bay and perilous passes to the open sea provoked disputes over the efficacy of human engineering. A central and ongoing struggle pivoted on the use of its beaches, which pitted bathers and sightseers, who idealized them, against local fishermen, who utilized them as workshops and storage area for their boats, gear, and nets.
Mark Davis: I think the overwhelming balance of damage was largely due to the human engineering, or mis-engineering, of this entire coastal system.
News of autonomous robots somewhat overshadowed this item--last November, UC Berkeley's Human Engineering and Robotics Laboratory successfully demonstrated a mechanical exoskeleton in which a wearer could carry a heavy load, while subjectively feeling the added weight of a few pounds.
OSAKA - The Research Institute of Human Engineering for Quality Life and Matsushita Electric Works Ltd.
Homayoon Kazerooni, director of the University of California-Berkeley's robotics and human engineering lab, said: 'There is no joystick, keyboard or push-button.
Knapp also tells how the fantastic feathers and flames of reds and purples that appear on tulips aren't a result of human engineering but rather are indications of a viral disease transmitted by aphids.
Human Engineering Ltd, a British ergonomics consultancy, is carrying out the project and is looking for companies or people who have had experience of exercise as a way of preparing for work.

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