horizontal segregation

horizontal segregation

the division of a workforce by sex or some other criteria. It is common for certain jobs in an organization to be performed solely by women, whilst other jobs at the same level are performed by men. Most female employees in the UK work only with other women. This practice has a long history due to gender stereotyping but has been reinforced by legislation aimed at tackling DISCRIMINATION. To avoid claims by women for equal pay many employers removed all males from certain occupations so that there is no directly comparable male wage. The emergence of ‘equal pay for work of equal value’ undermines the rationale for this practice.
References in periodicals archive ?
Horizontal segregation occurs where stereotyped assumptions about male and female capabilities and preferences concentrate women into predominantly "female" occupations (and men into "male" occupations).
Horizontal segregation begins when individuals are in formal education, and there is evidence to suggest that it starts at an even earlier age (Gadassi and Gati, 2009) where parents, nursery workers and primary teachers pass on implicit and explicit stereotypes about the appropriateness of certain jobs for either genders.
Patterns of Participation--Vertical and Horizontal Segregation
The glass ceiling, in combination with other barriers and patterns unique to women's participation, works to create the vertical and horizontal segregation of women at the professional level.
Are vertical and horizontal segregation as prevalent in GIS as they are in IT and in science professions?
This study highlighted the existence of an excessively divided and pyramidal labour structure, which exhibited a gender-based vertical and horizontal segregation.
On the other hand, in terms of horizontal segregation, the growing presence of women in the advertising sector is not distributed evenly across the different departments of the agencies.
The vertical and horizontal segregation (the so-called "glass ceiling" and the segregation across departments) had already been identified by various research studies carried out in this area, such as the study of Martin-Llaguno et al.
External or horizontal segregation is the tendency for men and women to be in different types of occupations, for example, accountant versus a waitress.
As the flow's upper crust grows downward, horizontal segregation veins form at regular intervals reflecting tearing of crystal mush at the bottom of the crust (Helz, 1987).
Dr Muir suggests there is a horizontal segregation in professions which could also explain why women are perceived to be part of failing companies.
elimination of horizontal segregation, especially by combating stereotypes in education and the media; and 5.