hierarchy


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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not having a clearly defined and helpful hierarchy is as irresponsible as one devoted only to control.
Previously, the hierarchy served only as a guide to Maine's policymakers.
Indeed, the very panicky way with which this hierarchy is reacting to Khan's intended rally is beyond comprehension.
Use of traditional logical hierarchy opens up more options for completing designs.
It contains two chapters by former students of Dumont, who both emphatically defend his ideas and demonstrate the value of his theory with a case-study on the difference between hierarchy and inequality in Samoa (Serge Tcherkezoff) and with a lucid essay on the distinction between hierarchy and power in Dumontian terms (Andre Iteanu).
Main hierarchy depth of 2 is increased, but an average depth is actually decreased from 2,38 to 1,98 (-16,8%), unlike the depth of support hierarchies that has an average increase of 90% (from 0,31 to 0,59).
What has changed is to whom the application of the GAAP hierarchy is directed.
Studying the influences of multiple individuals and groups on decision making against the backdrop of perceived hierarchy serves to elucidate previously unexplored territory.
FASB anticipates issuing a final standard entitled Hierarchy of Accounting Principles by the end of 2005, moving the authority of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) fully to FASB from previously being a function of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants' (AICPA) auditing standards.
Thus, when those high-living juveniles reach their first birthdays, they plunge from near the top of the hierarchy all the way to the bottom, says Hirsch.
For the hierarchy based on the apostolic succession is the indispensable condition to arrive at the strength, the reality, of the sacrament.