hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the verse also seeks to manage these materials, fashioning an assembly by incorporating and hierarchizing.
Where one may generate a plane of equivalence (capital, commodity exchange), another may warrant exclusion (through the boundary clarifying practices of community/nation); whereas a third may necessitate a hierarchizing social relationality, not due to cultural or racial discrimination perse but through the location of a particular state within a system of states.
To make the terms of this simile metaphorize each other is already being ideological and fall in the ready-made trap of chronologizing sex over race and vice versa or hierarchizing them.
In "Love in the Time of Hierarchy," Jean-Philippe Belleau allows us to hear the "ethnographic voices" of travelers, government officials, soldiers, priests, and explorers in eighteenth-century Haiti, including their Eurocentric moralizing and hierarchizing concerning the positive and negative character traits of whites, mulattos, and blacks, Some suggested that miscegenation could lead to greater harmony and ameliorate slavery's evils.
This chapter points to the kind of hierarchizing ritual politics which requires a person to concentrate within herself Dreaming rights and knowledge otherwise socially and topographically dispersed.
Tellingly, when the situation forces him to adopt a racially hierarchizing language, Lucas does so in such a way that he "said 'sir' and 'mister' to you if you were white but ...
It is well known that one manifestation of this hierarchizing of the academy is the secondary status accorded rhetoric and composition.
This hierarchizing is a consequence of their continuing desire to prove their worth according to the Victorian values of the mainstream American culture that rejected their ancestors as well as of their inability to cope with shame.