hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Certainement pas, car n'importe quel systeme religieux base sur un pantheon hierarchise avec des personnages mythologiques principaux et des personnages secondaires donnera cette image.
Le territoire national n'est pas une surface plane et homogene; il est au contraire un espace differencie et hierarchise. Il est aussi un espace hierarchisant, ce que l'ideologie des droits sociaux egalitaires inherente a l'Etat-providence avait neglige pendant longtemps, car elle impliquait une certaine homogeneite citoyenne.
Ce groupe social particulier, dont le mobile a ete finement analyse et hierarchise, a fait de l'oeuvre proustienne une brillante etude sociale parsemee d'humour.
(11) Historical recordings of past events must also select, shape and hierarchise events, making this process as highly subjective as memory.
J'extrais ce sonnet, auquel j'avais une fois songe cet ete, d'une etude projetee sur la Parole: il est inverse, je veux dire que le sens, s'il en a un (mais je me consolerais du contraire grace a la dose de poesie qu'il renferme, ce me semble) est evoque par un mirage interne des mots memes.[...] J'ai pris ce sujet d'un sonnet nul se reflechissant de toutes les facons parce que mon oeuvre est si bien prepare et hierarchise, representant comme il le peut l'Univers, que je n'aurais su, sans endommager quelqu'une de mes impressions etagees, rien en enlever--et aucun sonnet ne s'y rencontre.
Foucault (Power/Knowledge 81-82) endorses "an insurrection of subjugated knowledges" or "particular, local, regional knowledge" that have been "disqualified from the hierarchy of knowledges and sciences." He asserts the epistemic value of local knowledges "against the claims of a unitary body of theory which would filter, hierarchise and order them in the name of some true knowledge and some arbitrary idea of what constitutes a science and its objects" (Foucault, Power/Knowledge 83).
Sans etre hierarchise dans la legende [40], et trace sur un reseau generalement orthogonal, le systeme de circulation du plan Greber pour Montreal est concu dans la tradition des Beaux-Arts, ainsi que l'ont ete les projets d'Ottawa et de Quebec.
Plus qu'une innovation technologique, l'invention du web a ete sous tendue par un courant de pensee et une ideologie libertaires qui ont place le reseau internet et le web au centre d'un systeme intelligent, decentralise, non hierarchise de diffusion et de partage du savoir et de la connaissance.
Le genre n'est donc ni un synonyme de sexe feminin (ou sexe masculin), ni un substitut du mot femme (ou homme), mais un << principe de division du monde qui institue le sexe >> (25) et qui hierarchise ce qui est percu masculin et feminin.
Le fonctionnement meme de la guilde renvoie a un modele social de type tribal de par sa taille et son caractere hierarchise.