hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
whose costume and skin colour indicate his cultural and ethnic difference from the islanders, with the result that a degree of ethnic hierarchisation is inscribed in this image" (Henscher 381).
climate and environmental aspects) and community specialisation (seal hunting strategies) need to be considered when applying theoretical concepts of hierarchisation and multi-tiered social organisation to the eastern Baltic Bronze Age cultural milieu, that is when implying chiefdom-like structures, elites or craft professionals.
Les ceremonies revelent egalement la hierarchisation complexe qui pouvait etre remise en question et faire l'objet de modifications a l'issue de querelles de preseances, au nom d'une volonte de distinction sociale qui constituait l'identite meme des acteurs impliques.
Sont-les groupes sociaux ou les individus et aussi la hierarchisation des roles attribues aux sexes, simplement des expressions des certaines phases de l'evolution de ceux-ci et de la societe?
Where Agamben describes biopolitics as essentially a contest of hierarchisation between human and animal (see Agamben 2004), Pugliese provides texture to this analytic frame, by examining in closer detail the relationship between forms of violence, the subjects and objects these technologies of domination create, and the forms of hierarchy that are generated, which allow us to recognise the distinction between animal, racialised slave and 'human'.
Chez Toussaint, la hierarchisation du pouvoir apparait dans ses rapports avec les esclavagistes et dans le role qu'il entend jouer pour son peuple.
There is a dimension opposite and complementary to the structures that generate pyramidal hierarchisation ...
La reunion a porte sur la hierarchisation des investissements dans les secteurs de l'huile, du sucre et de l'energie propre, ainsi que sur les notes d'entente signees recemment lors de la visite de la delegation du Soudan au Bresil.