hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, one should choose the right synthetic strategies to prepare hierarchically structured materials according to the nature of the materials and the ultimate applications.
THE THEORETICAL CASE FOR HIERARCHICALLY VARIABLE DEFERENCE
Despite existing works on thematically organizing Web data and the English Wikipedia, to the best of our knowledge no study has been reported about how to hierarchically organize the contents of the Greek Wikipedia in an automated manner.
In summary, then, as we move into the peta- and exa-scale arena for HPC, we the software community need to think outside of the fixed resources with global synchronizations box and design locally synchronized, dynamically scheduled, and hierarchically managed applications that can complete computations despite the expected modest number of hardware component failures.
Now, to understand what it means for an organism to be a hierarchically organized system, we need to investigate the properties of the components of this kind of system.
The subject matter is also arranged hierarchically, rather than as a collection of assorted topics.
A redundant and hierarchically structured set of oligonucleotide probes (17 mer to 37 mer) that targeted five genes (16S rRNA, iap, gltA, gltB and inlB) was designed, synthesized and spotted onto epoxy-derivatized glass slides.
By 1920 cotton factories weren't just influencing public policy but creating it, erecting hierarchically managed housing, schools, and churches to keep labor ready and dependent.
A single dialectic, she explains, hierarchically opposes two terms, one term made positive by virtue of negating the qualities of the other.
More research will be required into exactly how children categorize and hierarchically arrange concepts before truly effective subject directories can be constructed.
As stated earlier, the discourse of the national reform agenda has been strongly informed by a particular world view that promotes a selective tradition of hierarchically established knowledge and meaning.
"He espoused the idea that things are placed into the same category on the basis of what they have in common," author Arlene Taylor wrote in her book The Organization of Information, and they are arranged hierarchically with things either inside or outside the container.

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