hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For hierarchical verification, the IJTAG network inserted at the core level is verified first at that level then again with the IJTAG network of each higher level.
But, asserting their hierarchical instincts, they claimed reflexively their own special power and privilege by declaring themselves exempt from the regulations they just passed for the priests beneath them.
The suggested hierarchical strategy leads to computational savings irrespective of this implementation choice.
First, we compare estimates produced from 3 single-year Bayesian models and 1 hierarchical multiyear Bayesian model, using simulated scenarios reflective of missing and sparse data typical for monitoring with rotary screw traps (RSTs) in Idaho.
Figure 5 shows the schematic drawing for the formation of hierarchical CSW in [Na.sub.2]C[O.sub.3] solution.
In data mining, hierarchical clustering is one of the most widely used cluster analysis method that groups a set of objects according to their similarities by building a cluster tree or dendrogram.
In this study, we consider an N-level batching with agglomerative hierarchical clustering structure in which the highest possible level of the hierarchy is N.
The general concept of optimal hierarchical random graph is as following.
The results indicate that there is a direct relationship between adhocracy culture and technology acceptance, as there is an inverse relationship between hierarchical culture and technology acceptance.
In this paper, centering around the hierarchical community mining [5, 6] problem, we find a significant discovery that the combination and evolution process of community members can be detected when disclosing community hierarchy.