hierarchy

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Related to hierarchic: Hierarchical relationship

Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
an individual with a hierarchic style prefers to distribute attention to several tasks that are prioritized.
And wherever this view is appropriate, there arises a species of complexity that is absent from pleromatic description: creatural description is always hierarchic.
For this reason, the hierarchic relations between cartographic signs are rarely represented in the legends.
As John Fairbank notes, Confucianism envisions a hierarchic political and social order within the state, govemed by a virtuous sage-ruler.
This method aims to maximize likelihood in each hierarchic level considering the hypothesis of mixture of normal multivariates, equal covariance spherical matrixes, and to equal sampling probabilities.
0 tools for team management could replace traditional, hierarchic management models (253-255).
PRAY-PAY-OBEY" is a catchphrase that has been used to describe the lot of the laity in relation to the institutional Church and to deplore hierarchic resistance to genuine "lay empowerment.
Citation: "Single-cell gene expression analyses of cellular reprogramming reveal a stochastic early and hierarchic late phase;" Yosef Buganim et al.
But those qualities had to be matched with strict obedience to the hierarchic chain and a complete submission to Mussolini (who was regarded as the first pilot of Italy).
Maslow (1954) provided educators with an hierarchic plan in determining needs of pupils.
Action arena for newly formed river basin organization was not isolated but nested within hierarchic and polycentric Federal administrative structure responsible for constitutional and collective choice rules formation.
Drawing mainly on historical evidence from the USA, Perelman has described a transition by corporations to bureaucratic decision-making and a hierarchic form of financial management.