hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of Nateghian [13] conducted on thinking styles and creativity showed that legislative, judicial, global, hierarchic, liberal thinking styles can predict higher creativity scores.
Every effective difference denotes a demarcation, a line of classification, and all classification is hierarchic. In other words, differences are themselves to be differentiated and classified.
A simple hierarchic structure of signs is use: 3-4 hierarchic ranks of signs are dominant.
As John Fairbank notes, Confucianism envisions a hierarchic political and social order within the state, govemed by a virtuous sage-ruler.
This method aims to maximize likelihood in each hierarchic level considering the hypothesis of mixture of normal multivariates, equal covariance spherical matrixes, and to equal sampling probabilities.
Maslow (1954) provided educators with an hierarchic plan in determining needs of pupils.
Action arena for newly formed river basin organization was not isolated but nested within hierarchic and polycentric Federal administrative structure responsible for constitutional and collective choice rules formation.
Drawing mainly on historical evidence from the USA, Perelman has described a transition by corporations to bureaucratic decision-making and a hierarchic form of financial management.
The culture of many healthcare environments, including residential care for elders, often follows traditionally hierarchic models in which the patient's schedule is determined by the schedules of the workday and shifts, task lists and power structure.
Chapter 3 outlines Lonergan's later move to distinguish carefully the economic analysis itself from the larger context of a theory of hierarchic world order.
Since the arrangement of units in a hierarchic relationship is likened to a bureaucracy, i.e., the bottom rung is accountable to the one above it, it thus follows that dominant actors may exact "punishment" from subordinates should the latter deviate from the wishes of the former.
The top systemic obstruction today is China's hierarchic business and research culture, which is seen as impeding true creativity across the industry.