The value of idiosyncratic markers and changes to conserved tRNA sequences from the mitochondrial genome of hard ticks
(Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae) for phylogenetic inference.
* Festoons are rectangular grooves seen on the caudal edge of some hard ticks
and appear as a string of pearls.
The biology of soft ticks differs from hard ticks
in several ways.
Key words: Prevalence, Buffaloes, Hard ticks
, Livestock census.
(2013) analyzed an overall tick prevalence reported Hyalomma as dominant (61%) over other genera of hard ticks
. Female Hyalomma was highest in sex-wise dispersion (85%) than Amblyomma (81%), Boophilus and Haemaphysalis species (77%).
Abundance, diversity and seasonal dynamics of hard ticks
infesting cattle in Isfahan province, central Iran.
Guo et al., "The immunomodulatory protein RH36 is relating to blood-feeding success and oviposition in hard ticks
," Veterinary Parasitology, vol.
(5) Studies in India have shown that there are 109 species in India, out of which 88 belong to the family Ixodidae of hard ticks
. (6,7,8) All case reports in India are mainly on livestocks and wild animals.
Pictorial Key to the Adults of Hard Ticks
, Family Ixodidae (Ixodida: Ixodoidea), East of the Mississippi River.
Lyme borreliosis is transmitted by hard ticks
(Ixodes species); and RFB are transmitted by the same hard ticks
that transmit Lyme disease as well as soft ticks and body lice.
In total, 1598 larvae and 131 nymphs were found; all individuals were Ixodidae (hard ticks
) but were not identified to genus/species.
From the total respondents interviewed, 60% confirmed that hard ticks
are more common and affect livestock productivity in their locality.