The association of marination and tumbling likely assisted in reducing hardness, chewiness, cohesiveness and gumminess
, this could be explained by the changes of shear force as they were highly related (Lachowicz et al.
and chewiness were insignificantly increased with increasing the ripening time but the concentrations of RGH and RGE had no effect.
Particularly, the dry-cured ham of KNP showed higher values of springiness, gumminess
and chewiness, as compared to the other breed hams.
and chewiness of treatment products recorded significantly lower values which were expected due to melting characteristics of hydrocolloid gel (Holmes et al.
2004) reported that olive oil addition together with fat reduction caused a significant decrease in hardness and the related parameters such as chewiness and gumminess
due to high monounsaturated fat in the product.
They examined the samples' hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess
, adhesiveness and springiness.
As the addition level of SCP increased, there was a gradual decreased in brittleness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess
and chewiness of the sausages, whereas adhesiveness increased (p<0.
The researchers found that as the concentrations of pectin and carrageenan increased, the values for hardness, springiness and gumminess
increased significantly, and the values for adhesiveness and moisture content decreased significantly.
properties in CRGC and control showed significant increase during ripening period of 6 months.
Food technologists must use precision equipment to measure the textural properties of food--a product's ripeness, chewiness, gumminess
, brittleness, viscoelasticity and tenderness.
Hardness was not significantly different between the samples during cold storage; however, cohesiveness, gumminess
, chewiness, and adhesiveness were significantly higher in T1 than in the other samples at the beginning of the storage period (1 to 7 days).
Results showed that Simplesse-D100 in 2%-fat ice cream created no significant difference in creaminess, gumminess
and melting in the mouth than the control.