gold standard

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Gold standard

An international monetary system in which currencies are defined in terms of their gold content, and payment imbalances between countries are settled in gold. It was in effect from about 1870 to 1914.

Gold Standard

A system whereby a currency is linked to the value of gold. That is, one would be able to exchange one unit of the currency for so many ounces of gold on demand. The gold standard makes monetary policy independent from policymaker decisions. Many currencies have been linked to gold over the years, most recently under the Bretton Woods System. The gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, but tends to cause higher interest rates and renders a country less able to pursue full employment. The gold standard contrasts with fiat money. See also: Cross of Gold, Silver Standard.

gold standard

A monetary system under which a country's money is defined in terms of gold and convertible into a fixed quantity of gold. A gold standard effectively takes monetary policy out of the hands of government policymakers. While use of the gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, the accompanying inability to pursue other economic goals, such as full employment or reduced interest rates, has resulted in the gold standard's fall from favor.

Gold standard.

The gold standard is a monetary system that measures the relative value of a currency against a specific amount of gold.

It was developed in England in the early 18th century when the scientist Sir Isaac Newton was Master of the English Mint. By the late 19th century, the gold standard was used throughout the world.

The United States was on the gold standard until 1971, when it stopped redeeming its paper currency for gold.

gold standard

an INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM in which GOLD forms the basis of countries’ domestic MONEY SUPPLY and is used to finance INTERNATIONAL TRADE and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS deficits.

Under the gold standard, EXCHANGE RATES were rigidly fixed in terms of gold. (The gold standard was widely adopted in the 19th century and operated down to the early 1930s.) In theory, the gold standard provided an automatic ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM for eliminating payments imbalances between countries: deficits were financed by outward gold transfers that reduced the domestic MONEY SUPPLY. This in turn deflated (see DEFLATION) the domestic price level, making IMPORTS relatively more expensive and EXPORTS relatively cheaper, thereby reducing the volume of imports and increasing the volume of exports. Surpluses were financed by inward gold transfers, which increased the domestic money supply. This in turn inflated (see INFLATION) the domestic price level, making imports relatively cheaper and exports relatively more expensive, resulting in a fall in the volume of exports and an increase in the volume of imports. In this way, both deficits and surpluses were removed and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS EQUILIBRIUM restored. In practice, however, countries found that a combination of rigidly fixed exchange rates and the complete subordination of domestic economic policy to the external situation was too onerous and opted for more flexible arrangements. See FIXED EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM, INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND.

References in periodicals archive ?
The modern gold standard can thus be said to have involved not one but two kinds of commitments.
Gold Standard Performers focus management resources on the execution of the basics, such as cash management, expense control, and revenue growth, by monitoring key operating indicators daily and weekly.
With the gold standard understood as only a part of a nexus of interrelated policies and a convenient expression for describing them, rather than as their source, research can concentrate on the roots of those policies.
The gold standard editorial criticized the social influences approach for attributing "the causes of smoking almost exclusively within the individual.
Keynes also indicated that he remained a proponent of a managed currency but then stated that "the recent gyrations of the dollar have looked to me more like a gold standard on the booze than the ideal managed currency of my dreams.
But when it comes to the gold standard, I would expect over 90 percent of them would wish it a continued good rest in peace.
Eichengreen emphasizes in place of the usual explanations (misaligned price levels and structural maladjustments) the debt-management problems of governments as the reason why it took so long to restore the gold standard after the First World War.
Although the classical gold standard was not characterized by short-run price stability, it did exhibit long-run price stability from 1821-1914.
Getty and Gold Standard formed a joint venture in 1973 to explore and develop the Mercur property, located 35 mi southwest of Salt Lake City.
The First World War nearly demolished the international gold standard.
The share consideration is subject to an orderly sale agreement and requires Scorpio to vote its Gold Standard shares as recommended by management for a period of two years.