Currently, lower limb surgeries are mainly anesthetized by general anesthesia
, nerve block and intravertebral anesthesia.8 Although general anesthesia
works quickly and allows easy intraoperative management, the postoperative recovery and quality of life of geriatric patients may be severely affected due to considerable changes of hemodynamics, increased sensitivity to anesthetics, decelerated metabolism and cardiovascular stress response.
report that it is preferable to acquire a tissue diagnosis before starting treatment, even if doing so necessitates the use of general anesthesia
, except in extreme circumstances .
In contrast, some authorities have argued that, with the introduction of general anesthesia
and more efficient electrical waveforms, ECT's adverse cognitive effects are short-lived, with no persistent effects on memory7.
A retrospective study of dental treatment under general anesthesia
of children with or without a chronic illness and/ or a disability.
Arslan-Carlon, "Anesthetic complications during general anesthesia
without intravenous access in pediatric ophthalmologic clinic: assessment of 5216 cases," Minerva Anestesiol, vol.
Although, 307 patients were included in the study, seven patients were excluded due to no compliance of the procedure and conversion to general anesthesia
"On the other hand, the cost of general anesthesia
usually represents an important portion--about 30 to 40 percent--of the bill."
The standard of care in veterinary dentistry dictates that all feline dental procedures be performed under general anesthesia
. Yet cat owners might still see groomers and pet stores offering "anesthesia-free dental cleanings." It is not recommended.
drugs market is bifurcated into intravenous and inhalational.
In total, 683 patients, who were under general anesthesia
during oral intubation, were evaluated.
(1) Although surgical fixation has often been performed with general anesthesia
, the use of regional blocks has gained popularity for benefits, such as avoiding airway manipulations, (2) intra-operative analgesia, (2) and muscle relaxation.