In the rat CST, approximately twenty-five thousand axons descend in the dorsal funiculus
in search of target cells.
The majority of this assimilate enters the seed coat through the funiculus
and then moves symplastically to either the ovule or the fiber (Ryser, 1992).
The number and type of sensilla found on the funiculus
and potential sexual dimorphism in these structures have not been determined.
In the literature, mainly concerning ovine species, descriptions about the vascular arrangement of the spermatic funiculus
have been observed (NOORDHUIZEN-STASSEN et al.
Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-OECs, or OECs prepared from GFP transgenic rats, were transplanted into a chemically induced demyelinating lesion in the rat dorsal funiculus
In the transverse sections, the only gross lesion observed was a thin, white discolored area in the left dorsal funiculus
in the cranial cervical spinal cord segments.
According to Tamamshjan (1951), neither the pericarp nor the testa is involved in "ruminatio vera," whereas the funiculus
or various parts of the carpel take part in his other main types, "ruminatio funiculata" and "ruminatio spuria," respectively.
Lawrence, Canada (Moriyasu and Lanteigne, 1998) Stage # Morphometric development stage 1 prefuniculus 2 funiculus
3 cleavage and blastula 4 gastrula 5 lateral ectodermal band 6 prenauplius 7 nauplius 8 maxilliped formation 9 metanauplius 10 late metanauplius 11 eye pigment formation 12 chromataphore formation 13 reduced yolk 14 prehatching
Head wider than long, with fine, sparse pubescence, lacking erect hairs except on mouthparts, and with smooth, shiny integument; frontal lobes reduced; scapes surpassing occipital border by more than 1/5 their length, first segment of funiculus
enlarged, almost globular, wider than succeeding segments; eyes large, about 1/2 length of head, and located on lower half of head; 3 large, prominent, raised ocelli present.
membranacea migrate into the perivisceral coelom from the peritoneum of the body wall, or funiculus
(a network of strand-like elements of the circulatory system), and form syncytial masses of spermatocytes around cytoplasmic masses or cytophores (see Reed, 1991; Franzen, 1998).
The plasticity of the envelope remains, and the funiculus
is formed, accompanied by kneading of the eggs (40-90 min after egg-laying).
After egg-laying, the embryos of intertidal and estuarine crabs - and indeed most decapod crustaceans - are encased in a thick, protective capsule composed of two or three layers; these capsules are then attached to the female's ovigerous hairs through the funiculus
and investment coat (Yonge, 1937, 1946; Cheung, 1966; Goudeau and Lachaise, 1983).